King Lear has a large cast of characters that can be classified as either loyal or deceitful. By the End of Act 1 the dissemblers Goneril and Regan have deceived King Lear, whereas in the secondary plot Edmund betrayed his half-brother Edgar and deceived his father, the Earl of Gloucester. As Goneril and Regan have profited, Edmund too intends to possess his sibling’s share by deception. In his soliloquy, Edmund reveals his character and his plan for advancement. On meeting Gloucester he draws attention to the letter by seeming to want to hide it.
He says that men are “ungrateful, fickle, deceptive and deceiving, avoiders of danger, and eager to gain. As long as you serve their interests, they are devoted to you” . According to Machiavelli’s theory on human nature, it is mans pure self-interest that allows them to be easily controlled, by coercing them through manipulative and sometime violent means. He states that attempting to rule over people by honourable means would only lead to a ruler’s downfall, as an honourable ruler is always surrounded by “unscrupulous men” . Machiavelli states that “a
He began to betray his father right from the start. In his first soliloquy, Edmund says “Well, my legitimate, if this letter speed and my invention thrive, Edmund the base shall top the legitimate; I grow; I prosper” (1, 2, 19-21). The fact he pointed out was that he wants more power even though he is the younger and less loved son. He figured the best way to get this status was to ruin Edgar’s reputation. To achieve this, his plan was to trick his father Gloucester into believing that Edgar wants to kill him.
Hamlet's apparent psychological state as the play progresses changes from that of a scholar, to that of a madman, though contradictorily this change is in itself a deceptive act. Polonius, a lord and right hand to the King, is involved in a large amount of lying and deception. Polonius manipulates his children to benefit his social status and relationship with the King and has no moral objections at any time. Commonly a co-conspirator to Polonius' spying plots is the King, Claudius. Claudius, Hamlet's uncle is the most serious offender of lying and deceit.
He has been referred to by critics as ‘Shakespeare’s wickedest character.’ Every time Iago is mentioned by other characters, it is his honesty which is talked about, ‘O, that's an honest fellow’, ‘You advise me well... goodnight honest Iago.’ Iago manages to convince everyone that he is a noble and honest man, which he uses this power to his advantage. Iago plans to use this image of him being an honest man to gain revenge upon Othello for choosing ‘a great arithmetician, one Michael Cassio, a Florentine,’ over Iago for the position of lieutenant. Iago believes that Cassio was
In the play Macduff and Macbeth foil one another, thus making Macduff to be a better choice as a ruler for Scotland. Macduff shows heroic qualities throughout the play that Macbeth doesn’t. Macbeth is “fixed” by the witches and their predictions instead of focusing on his kingdom and the loved one around him, like for instance Banquo who is fellow kingsmen himself when acknowledging Macbeth’s strengths shows his true goodness. While Macduff on the other hand is the complete opposite and immediately shows this when saying. “ Awake, Awake ring the alarum bell murder and treason : Banquo, Donalbain, Malcom, Awake Awake Shake off this downy sleep, death’ counterfeit, And look on death itself!
injury ought to be of such a kind that one does not fear revenge” One cannot talk about Machiavelli without giving mention to one of his most celebrated works – ‘The Prince’. The book is essentially a letter to the King Lorenzo de Medici to promote a ‘champion’ or in other words a prince to unite Italy against its invaders and intruders. However, his advice to king showing signs of treachery, deceit and tyranny has given rise to the word ‘machiavellian’. Niccolo clearly explains that one cannot do good unless one is secure and gaining security requires extreme measures. His bluntness and straightforwardness in the expression of his thoughts in maintaining that it is okay for the king to use “wrong” methods as long as the goal is achieved has made his work highly controversial and also sort of laid a foundation for modern political science.
He is too trusting in his nobles which costs Duncan his life and country. During the second Forres scene, Duncan makes possibly the most reckless speech he could have made. This speech in turn costs him his life. Three terrible mistakes emerge in his speech and actions: he rewards unfairly; shows his emotions too freely; and again, he trusts too eagerly. Duncan rewards Macbeth with the title and land of the Thane of Cawdor, in addition he says that he will have greater rewards later in time, indicated by the words “I have begun to plant thee, and will labor to make thee full of growing.” While Macbeth gets many tangible gifts, Banquo simply
He feels that, he being Caesar’s best friend, the conspirators will not hesitate to get rid of him too on the ground that he is a potential threat to them. He cannot be faulted on this count and accused of cowardice and ingratitude. Antony’s true colour begins
Oscar Wilde’s ability to create intriguing and complex characters enables the reader to manifest his or herself in the story. He demonstrates this in “The Picture of Dorian Gray” by constructing the persona of an impressionable, vain, and alluring man named Dorian Gray. In this particular circumstance, Dorian’s naïve perception of life sets him up for failure. Paralleling this concept, Malcolm X once said, “A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything.” (“Malcolm X Quotes”). Expanding upon this, one can be easily swayed in the wrong direction if his or her beliefs and morals aren’t firmly grounded.