Eddhodj 2015 S1 Assign 2 Essay

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Assignment 2: 597534 Question 1 Behaviourism is primarily concerned with observable and measurable aspects of human behaviour rather than thinking for oneself. People have no free will – a persons environment determines their behaviour. Behaviourism has allowed for research that investigates the depth of the mind Question 2 Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) - Can be used to show the importance of language and listening in teaching as a social construct eg learners are able to solve problems without direct instruction by drawing upon informal knowledge of everyday situations and through dialogue. CGI may be used as an approach to for eg teach Maths with the main focus on the practice of listening to learners mathematical thinking and using it as a basis for instruction Scaffolding - Builds learning bridges - Requires the teacher to provide learners with the opportunity to extend their current skils and knowledge - The teacher must engage the learners interest, simplify task so that they are manageable and motivate learners to follow the instructional goal - The teacher must also look for discrepancies between learners efforts and the solution Scaffolding is a teaching strategy that can be used to help the teacher understand the learners way of thinking. Knowing how a learner thinks gives the teacher an advantage in predicting ho the learner will react to questions in the assessment process. Scaffolding provides a temporary, supportive and adjustable framework for a learner which enables him to participate in a task that is beyond his reach. Learnin happens when scaffolding is used as a process of support and guidance to help learners construct new meaning & knowledge on the basis of existing knowledge. The ultimate aim of scaffolding is to develop specific skills and to achieve a more advanced level of understanding. Language, socioeconomic

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