Ecstasy Essay

1702 WordsNov 7, 20127 Pages
The Effects of Ecstasy Robin Sullivan Medical/Social Aspects of Addiction Norman A. McCormack Fall, 2012 Metropolitan Community College Omaha, NE Abstract Studies have proven that high or repeated-dose Ecstasy regimens can produce long-term changes in indices of serotonergic and axonal functioning in animals. Increasing evidence supports the view that these changes are at least partially the result of damage. The magnitude of these serotonergic changes varies with dose, species, and route of administration. Studies will show that Ecstasy abuse, while used alone or with the use of other drugs will cause cognitive deficits and memory loss, depression, and psychological disorders. The Effects of Ecstasy Introduction Ecstasy (methylenedioxymethamphetamine or MDMA) is an illegal synthetic drug that is classified as both a hallucinogen and a stimulant. The drug is primarily used by younger people, where they take it to dance and party for long periods of time. Ecstasy has sent many young people to emergency rooms because of its dangerous side effects. Ecstasy can kill a young person. The drug can be very dangerous when abused, especially when combined with other drugs. The drug also has a tendency for addiction, short and long term consequences and cause changes in brain and body function which can lead to other health problems such as prospective memory loss and cognitive deficits. MDMA was first created in 1912 by two German scientists working for the Merck pharmaceutical company. The original intended use of MDMA was as an appetite suppressant and for people with low blood pressure. In the 1970’s, an American pharmacologist named Alexander Shulgin began researching the drug and concluded that it could be helpful in treating depression and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Soon after, psychiatrists all over began using the drug to help patients

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