Economics: Climate Change Effect Essay

2648 WordsMar 12, 201311 Pages
Climate Change The economic impact/ scientific evidence its happening/resolutions/effectiveness The climate change problem is related to changes in the concentration of the greenhouse gases (water vapor, CO2, CH4, N2O, and CFCs), which trap infrared radiation from the Earth's surface and thus cause the greenhouse effect. This effect is a natural phenomenon, which helps maintain a stable temperature and climate on Earth. Human activities, such as fossil fuel combustion, deforestation, and some industrial processes have led to an increase in greenhouse gases concentration. Consequently, more infrared radiation has been captured in the atmosphere, which causes changes in the air temperature, precipitation patterns, sea-level rise, and melting of glaciers. Anthony Giddens, a member of the House of Lords, a Fellow of King’s College Cambridge and Emeritus Professor at the London School of Economics outlines that there are 3 positions in place when viewing the actual impact and implications of climate change. The Orthodox position includes the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) which is made up of 100’s and 1000’s of scientists research stating that is in fact human activities and the industrialized civilisation that is causing the rise the air temperatures therefore causing climate change. This view supports the idea that the serious repercussions of this will be seen in years down the line in 2040/2050. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report in 2007 states that “most of the observed increases in global average temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in greenhouse has concentration (p.10). This report has predicted an average global rise in temperature of 1.4C to 5.8C between 1990 and 2100. They also find that a warming of about 0.2C per decade for the next two decades. According to them, global
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