Economic Status Of Niger Essay

868 WordsOct 4, 20104 Pages
Report on the Economic Status of Niger 12/12/07 In introduction to the country of which this study is based on, Niger is located in western Africa just southeast of Algeria. The country has the largest landmass in Western Africa. It also shares its borders with Libya and Chad. These borders were created by the French at the beginning of the twentieth century. The capital city is Niamey. As well as some the other major cities, Moradi and Zinder. Niger is landlocked and also has the largest landmass in western Africa. The country’s total consists of area is 490,000 square miles. Niger has a distinct array of geographical features. One of which is the Sahara Desert which does occupy most of the nation’s land. This provides the inhospitable living conditions in which the citizens must live. On average the country is a plane at 985 feet above sea level, with the occasional depression. Also made with ridges being formed of volcanic structures. One of the most important geographical features is the Niger River, which gave Niger and Nigeria their names. This river is one of the three greatest rivers in Africa, along with the Nile and Congo. Niger was once a French colony as part of French West Africa. The country gained independence in 1960 but has retained many ties with France through agreements. One such agreement was its membership to the Franc Zone, as well as its currency, the CFA Franc. The CFA Franc equals 275 to the $1. The southern tier of Niger provides grassland which is suitable for agriculture and livestock raising. Less than 5% of the land is under cultivation. The land continuously faces the immense risk of drought, however rains do fall in the southern portion between July and September. The total amount of land that is arable is 11.43%. Permanent crops are only .01%, and the total irrigated land is 730 square kilometers. Some of the exported

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