The ecological approach and child development
This essay discusses child development and parenting capacity in relation to the case study of MacDonald family, Lisa (18 months old), Ryan (6 years old) and their mother Julie (24 years old). The essay also discusses the relevant legal framework and the role of a statutory framework, as proposed in Getting it right for every child, alongside the MacDonald’s family situation. Julie’s parental capacity will be focused upon and analysed in relation to recent theories and research findings. Finally, the essay will conclude with a suggested intervention for the family.
The legislation relevant to this case study is Children (Scotland) Act 1995, which, in Section 1, states that a parent has the responsibility to safeguard and promote the child’s health, development and welfare and to provide direction and guidance to the child. Furthermore, the United Nations produced Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) which the United Kingdom ratified on 16 December 1991. In article 18.1 of this convention, it states that parents have the primary responsibility for the upbringing and development of the child and the best interests of the child will be their basic concern.
In the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 section 22, it states that it is the local authority’s duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of children who are in need in their area, and so far as is consistent with that duty, promote the upbringing of such children by their families by providing a range and level of services appropriate to the children’s needs.
The Policy Framework
Getting it right for every child (GIRFEC) is a Scottish national framework which aims to: ‘improve outcomes for children through doing things differently so as to make better use of existing resources; involve children and families in decision making and respect their rights; consistently identify at an early stage children who need help;...