Lower reserve requirements will result in more funds being available to loan out. This should, in turn, increase the rate of economic growth. Conversely, a higher reserve requirement will reduce the availability of funds and should slow economic growth. In this case, we need to increase our rate of economic growth in response to the recession, so I choose to lower the reserve requirement. The reason I would make this choice is to stimulate lending to businesses, reduce unemployment and increase household income so that the economy could then recover naturally.
* Lowering banks’ interest rates. This will increase the consumer consumption as they will borrow at lower rates and therefore it will encourage them and business owners to investment more and increase the economy growth. * The government should increase their spending. This will increase the flow of money in public and private sectors which lead to empower businesses and bring people back to work after the
The increase in real GDP would put downward pressure on the price level and reduce inflation. Supply-siders also believed that the budget deficit would not increase substantially as a result of the tax cut. Even if it did increase, it would be offset by increased saving due to the lower taxes. Many economic critics today and in the 1980’s questioned the effectiveness of Reagan s policies, also known as Reaganomics. Economists still argue whether Reagan’s actions were helpful or harmful to the United States economy.
Monetary policies influence and are influenced by international developments, including exchange rates, and based on these market conditions the U.S. government can make strategic changes to these policies to maintain the country’s economic stability (full employment, stable growth and price stability). For example if Federal Reserve actions raised U.S. interest rates, the foreign exchange value of the dollar generally would rise. An increase in the foreign exchange value of the dollar, in turn, would raise the price in foreign currency of U.S. goods traded on world markets and lower the dollar price of goods imported into the United States (Federal Reserve, 2005). By restraining exports and boosting imports, these developments could lower output and price levels in the U.S. economy and control or lower
To increase their taxes would be appropriate and this would be stream lining taxes at a time when the economy needs a boost. The Keynesian economists would look at government spending as a means for the government to stop the little growth the economy has had and is to have. The government spending would make it so the people would not have the money to spend within the states and they would have to go without needs and desires. This in turn would be the money that could be used within the economy.
When there is a greater disposable personal income this will allow consumption to increase due to the money saved from the lower tax rate. Through consumption increasing this will favour economic because the gross domestic product has increased. When government expenditures are increased it will have a multiplier effect on aggregate demand. Because of the multiplier effect, the government can increase spending by only a small amount to achieve a larger, necessary increase in aggregate demand. By doing so, the economy will be able to attain an equilibrium level of real
A primary use of the PPI is to deflate revenue streams in order to measure real growth in output. A primary use of the CPI is to adjust income and expenditure streams for changes in the cost of living. The different uses because definitional differences that can be categorized into two critical areas: the composition of the set of commodities and services they include and the types of prices collected for these
Normally, a reconciliation is required between the proprietary fund financial statements and the business-type activities column in the government-wide financial statements. C. Statements include the Statement of Net Assets (Balance Sheet); Statement of Revenues, Expenses and Changes in Fund Net Assets: and Statement of Cash Flows. D. The Statement of Cash Flows may be prepared using either the direct or indirect methods. 7. Which of the following choices regarding the fiduciary fund financial statements is true?
However, pensioners will be hit hard because the extra income they earn from saving will have dramatically reduced, making them worse off. On the other hand, savers may leave the pound for better interest rates in other countries (hot money), causing a fall in the demand for the pound. As a result the value of the pound will fall, making exports cheaper and there will be an injection of net exports. In conclusion, the impact of loose monetary policy will be beneficial to the economy because extra consumption and investment will cause AD to increase which will increase economic growth. However, it takes a long time for changes in interest rates to feed through to consumption and investment and by then the economy may have gotten worse.