Eating Disorders Essay

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Society lives according to the American image. Women are slim, very thin, and petite. Men have a muscular, but well toned image. These images influence both women and men in a negative way. Men and women work hard to achieve this American image sometimes causing themselves severe health problems such as eating disorders. Eating disorders are commonly found in women however, men suffer from them also, but it is harder to notice in men because very few men admit to having eating disorders. Men tend to keep their problems to themselves which only makes treating it harder. The two most common eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa is a serious disorder in eating behavior marked by a pathological fear of weight gain leading to faulty eating patterns, malnutrition, and excessive weight loss. Although the cause of anorexia nervosa is unknown medical researchers believe that biological factors may play a central role in its etiology. Anorexia Nervosa is a relatively new eating disorder it gained extreme medical attention in the nineteenth century. Charles Lasegue and Sir William Gull published papers at the same time with different cases that had a distinguishing pattern of what Gull called anorexia nervosa. The symptoms of anorexia include: • Refusal to maintain a body weight that is appropriate or above the minimum normal weight for age and height. • Extreme fear of obesity or any weight gain. • A disturbance in how the body image is viewed by weight and shape. • For women, an absence of three consecutive menstrual cycles. Anorexia is a serious condition that affects the body. Oestrogen levels may be lowered as a result of anorexia, males may have lowered testosterone. Anorexic patients may experience elevated growth hormone levels and reduced levels of neurotransmitters such as dopamine. They may also have an abnormal temperature

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