Eastbourne is a large town on the Southeast coast of England, with a population on 94,816 as of 2007.
This area has seen human activity since the Stone Ages. In the 19th century its four hamlets grew and merged to form the town of Eastbourne.
With the introduction of a railway, it became a large Victorian seaside resort, and still continues to provide for many tourists each year who wish for a holiday within the UK. Tourism remains the biggest source of income in Eastbourne.
The sheltered position of the town makes it the sunniest place in Great Britain.
Two landowners, the Duke of Devonshire and a man named John Davies Gilbert largely created Eastbourne. Both built many new houses and the population boomed. By 1871 Eastbourne had over 10,000 people.
Amenities in Eastbourne improved. In 1851 Eastbourne gained gaslight and in 1859 a water company was formed.
In the late 19th century sewers were dug and in 1863 a dispensary opened where the poor could obtain free medicines.
A pier was built at Eastbourne in 1872 and Devonshire Park opened in 1874 along with Devonshire Park Theatre, which opened 10 years later. In 1883 Eastbourne was granted a corporation and a mayor and Eastbourne Town Hall was built in 1883.
Eastbourne is more readily associated with the elderly, as it has historically been a popular retirement destination, and it is often referred to in age-related jokes.
The 2001 census showed that it still has a larger than average over-60 population, although recent major housing developments have been aimed mainly at young families, and the provision of adequate schooling has become a key local issue.
After the war, development continued, including the growth of Old Town up the hillside and the housing estates of Hampden Park (above the park itself, named after Viscount Hampden, whose grandson sold the land to the council), Willingdon Trees and Langney. Throughout the 20th Century, there were controversies over the loss of historic landmarks or...