The earthquake occurred in the backarc region of the convergent boundary where the Pacific Plate subducted beneath the Eurasian Plate. The earthquake shaking caused moderately severe damage, VIII on the Mercalli scale. The jolting movement of the seabed made the water rise and fall, which set off a terrifying tsunami. The fast-moving waves spread in all directions. They hit Okushiri less than four minutes later.
When the pieces of lava collect on a steep slope, then the side of the delta crumbles often and creates a bunch of submarine landslides. Collapses like this can catch unsuspecting people and push them into the ocean and sometimes also cause big explosions. Lava deltas get wider to the sides as well as longer out into the water until a landslide happens or until the lava flow to the water is stopped. First, the pahoehoe lava is thick and slowly moves across the beach or drops over a small cliff. Waves from the ocean slosh onto the lava, causing the lava to cool at a rapid pace and break into tiny glass pieces.
2. Lava Flows is the lava that slide down the side of the volcano. The dangers of hot lava meeting the surface are streams that resulted from the boiling of the salt water and the instantaneously change to a crystal. The water temperature where lava meets water is 30 -69. Volcanic Gases 1.
NOVA: Volcanoes Volcanoes are landforms where molten rock erupts through the surface of the planet. Think of them as pimples on the face of the earth. Today, there are over 1,500 active volcanoes on earth’s surface. Volcanoes cause serious hazards to not only people, but the environment and the nature around us as well. If an eruption were to occur, a number of life-changing things would happen.
It's on a destructive margin (a margin where land/crust is destroyed by it being pushed down under another plate, where the plates are moving together). Over time, the volcanic activity at this margin has made Japan, in the same way that Hawaii was formed. Unfortunately, because the earth still shifts a lot, Japan is constantly threatened by severe earthquakes. Earthquakes in the past have killed hundreds of thousands of people. Japan is in the same situation as California, which is right along the San Andreas fault.
The plates meet with each other, and if rough spots cause the movement to stop at the edges, the motion of the plates continue. When the rough spots can no longer hold, the sudden release of the built-up motion releases, and the sudden movement under the sea floor causes a submarine earthquake. This area of slippage both horizontally and vertically is called the epicenter, and has the highest magnitude, and causes the greatest damage. As with a continental earthquake the severity of the damage is not often caused by the earthquake at the rift zone, but rather by
The impacts of the Tsunami on Japan and the Indian Ocean was horrific, the environment was destroyed. Buildings, boats, roads everything was thrown around, cars were scatted about like toys and some ended up on top of buildings. On 26 December 2004, a massive earthquake of magnitude 9.0 struck the coastal area off northern Sumatra in Indonesia. A number of aftershocks also occurred, some of magnitude 7.1. These earthquakes triggered a Tsunami the like of which had not been seen before.
At this plate margin, the Pacific plate is being pushed under the Eurasian plate, stresses build up and when they are released the Earth shakes. This is a subduction zone. The focus was only 16km below the crust and this happened on the 17th Jan 1995 at 5.46am. 10 million people live in this area. Effects The effects of this earthquake were catastrophic for an MEDC.
At last for conservations margins, the tension build up when plate are grinding past each other get stuck. Afterwards the plate will finally jerk past each other and sending out shock waves which is vibrations which is earthquakes. They both create lots of impact. For examples for the volcano eruption in Montserrat which is a LEDC, it cause 19
Movement in this fault zone resulted in the great Hanshin earthquake. A 30-50 km long rupture of a strike-slip fault occurred close to and under downtown Kobe. The eruption towards the north ruptured towards Kobe. The earthquake’s shallow depth of 16 km and close proximity to the built-up area meant that buildings and structures were subjected to much ground-shaking and soil liquefaction On Tuesday, January 17th 1995, at 5.46 am (local time), an unexpected earthquake of magnitude 7.2 on the Richter scale struck the Kobe region of south-central Japan, the shallow depth of the focus which was only about 16 kilometres below the surface and the fact that the epicentre occurred close to a very heavily populated area caused a great destruction. Seismic shockwaves travelled from Awaji Island (the epicentre) along the Nojima Fault to the cities of Kobe and Osaka.