KASHMIR, PAKISTAN, OCTOBER 2005
Where did it happen?
When did it happen?
* October 8th 2005
* 8:20 am
* 60 seconds
* The Red Cross established water supplies in Muzaffarabad.
The Army and Red Crescent (Aid organisation) build makeshift shelters.
Schools are being rebuilt.
Teachers are being trained to counsel the traumatised children.
Building laws have been tightened on public buildings so that they should withstand future quakes.
Why did it happen?
* Collision plate boundary - Indo Australian Plate and Eurasian Plate. The two plates have the same densities and are both continental crust, therefore when they meet there is NO seduction, the two plates buckle upwards to form fold mountains, in this case the Himalayas. Pressure builds up in the crust that is released suddenly, this is the earthquake.
Who was affected by it happening?
* Most of the affected people lived in mountainous regions with access impeded by landslides that blocked the roads, leaving an estimated 3.3 million homeless in Pakistan. The UN reported that the quake directly affected 4 million people, occurring prior to the commencement of winter snowfall in the Himalayan region. Damages incurred have been estimated at well over US$ 5 billion (300 billion Pakistani rupees) India and Pakistan opened five crossing points on the Line of Control (LOC) to facilitate the flow of humanitarian and medical aid to the affected region. International aid teams from around the world came to the region to assist in relief.
What happened? (Responses – immediate/ long term)
Local people rescued those trapped.
Indian Red Cross distributed 21,500 blankets, 300 kitchen sets and medical supplies.
The military deployed helicopters.
Peoples' injuries were prioritised using a numbering system, the lower the number, the sooner you got rescued.
The border between Pakistan and India was opened to allow emergency supplies in.
Rapid UK worked alongside Muslim Aid in helping to rescue...