Earth Science Quiz 1

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Study Guide:Quiz 1 Concentrate your studies in the following areas. Questions for Quiz 1 will come principally from this material. Lutgens and Tarbuck Textbook: Introduction 1. What is the definition of Earth Science? (pg 4) 2. What are the sub-disciplines of earth science (geology, meteorology, oceanography, and astronomy)? Know the definition of each of these (pg 4-5). 3. Be able to name and define each of the earth’s “spheres” (geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere) (pg 5-10). 4. How much of the earth’s surface is covered by oceans? (pg 6) 5. What are the compositional layers of the earth (crust, mantle, core)? Be able to describe each layer (generally) (pg 9). 6. Be able to define the following terms: system (pg 10), hypothesis (pg 17), theory (pg 18), scientific law (pg 18-margin). 7. What are the two broad types into which resources in the earth are typically divided (renewable and non-renewable)? Be able to define each (pg 14). 8. Define the scientific method (pg 18). 9. What are the two sources of energy that power the earth system? (pg 11) Minerals (Chapter 1) 10. Know the definition of a mineral. (pg 24) 11. Know the basic definition of a rock. (pg 25) 12. Know how atoms of the same element are related. (pg 27?) What do they have in common? (pg 27-28?) 13. Know definitions for the following terms: valence electrons (pg 26), nucleus (pg 26), atom (pg 26), element (pg 27), ion (pg 29), and chemical bond. (pg 28) 14. What are the basic subatomic particles (protons, neutrons, electrons)? (pg 26) Which of these are found in the nucleus? (protons and neutrons) (pg 26) Which is found outside of the nucleus? (electrons) (pg 26) 15. Know the difference between ionic and covalent bonds. (pg 29) Which is typically stronger? (Covalent Bonds) (pg Chemwiki) 16. Know the components and structure of the

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