Early Nke Pharaohs Establishing the Mighty Egypt Essay
1101 WordsMay 18, 20135 Pages
“The Early New Kingdom Pharaohs to Thutmosis 1 consolidated and expanded Egypt. It was these pharaohs who established the legacy that grew to be “mighty Egypt.”
The Early New Kingdom Pharaohs, Ahmose, Amenhotep 1 and Thutmosis 1, united and expanded Egypt by achieving military campaigns, erecting buildings and monuments, honouring traditional gods and managing the region’s administration. The accomplishments of these pharaohs established order and authority throughout the kingdom and initiated the legacy of “mighty Egypt”.
Ahmose is considered the first true pharaoh of the 18th dynasty as his reign marked the final expulsion of the Hyksos. The biography of naval officer Ahmose, son of Ebana, indicates the several military campaigns Ahmose conducted during his reign. The capture of Avaris, the Hyksos capitol, was achieved by Ahmose and his military through several battles both on land and on the water. After expelling the Hyksos and squashing their rebellions the King besieged Sharuhen (Southern Palestine), possibly fighting remaining Hyksos forces. Ahmose then moved up the Nile and continued his military campaign to reunify Egypt, expanding into Nubia and establishing control over the region. After the final expulsion of the Hyksos construction and restoration of buildings was required. He re-established the traditional pharaonic building program that honoured cultus of the traditional Egyptian gods, such as Amun at the temple of Karnak. The king built himself a pyramid at Abydos, while his tomb resides in the necropolis of Dra Abu el-Naga. Ahmose honoured the god Amun by donating offerings to the temple of Karnak, such as gold and silver ritual objects, furniture, an ebony harp and a cedar boat. He also conducted religious building programs at the temple of Karnak to honour Amun, including the erection of columns, a roof and floor. Further construction under his