This tradition continued into the seventeenth century as Spanish ships would come annually to bring gold and other valuables back to Spain. The Spanish colonies developed economically by using the Encomienda system. In this system, Spanish lords exploited and manipulated Native Americans and used them to do manual labor on the land. NEW ENGLAND COLONIES The English Colonies had abundant natural resources. Their economy prospered in the fur trade, fishing, lumbering, farming and other industries that produced raw materials.
New England’s coast contained some of the best fishing grounds in the world which made fish such as mackerel, cod, and halibut a valuable commodity for exchange with Britain. On the interior of New England, timber from the iron-hard oak trees created the shipbuilding business. New England's fish and timber were among its most valuable articles of trade. Coastal cities like Boston, Salem, New Haven, and Newport grew rich as a result of shipbuilding, fishing, and trade with Britain. This hunger for commerce eventually led to the decline of the Puritan religion in the New England colonies.
The marine gate at Pompeii suggests that Pompeii was a very busy port. Jaye Pont’s research into red slip pottery also shows Pompeii had a wide trade network. Images of the God ‘Mercury’ who represented prosperity, are found throughout the town, and inscriptions have been found in houses which paid tribute to the pursuit of profit e.g. a mosaic floor in one house has the words; “Profit is Joy” Evidence of agriculture is shown by the number of gardens (horti) inside the walls of the town and working farms (villa rusticate) outside the town’s walls. Wine and oil were the main source of income for the people in the Vesuvian area.
MO Prof. Carranza CAS 355 12/14/09 The Effect of Globalization in Guatemala’s Biodiversity Guatemala is a country territorially small, but with a unique natural and cultural in the world. It’s condition as the linkage between two continental spheres, also with the variety of terrestrial and edaphic (physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the land) forms, the amplitude altitudinal, pluvial and thermal, between some other factors, are responsible of the existence of a great variety of ecosystems and of species. Also, Guatemala is one of the countries around the world with a big ethnic diversity. This natural and ethnic diversity have generated many ways of interaction and use of the wild species, as to an intense domestic adaptation that has become an important support for the diet of Guatemalans and of many habitants of many other countries. Guatemala has being denominated Mesoamerican Center, is one of eight important world centers of cultivated plants.
1. It was not merely a transfer of diseases, plants, and animals, nor was the transfer simply one sided. Diseases greatly reduced the Amerindian populations, while the Europeans brought home Amerindian diseases. Europeans brought food such as bananas and wheat that diversified Amerindian diets, while other crops like sugar cane were intended for cultivation with exploited labor. European horses, cattle, and pigs also affected Amerindian lives, while beaver and other fur-bearing animals influenced the exchange between Europeans and Amerindians.
They also managed long-distance trade, which provided luxury goods and additional food supplies. 23.) The Mississippi was used by the Mississippian culture by the accumulated effects of small increases in agricultural productivity, the adoption of the bow and arrow, and expansion of trade networks. During the height of the Cahokia, Cahokia controlled surrounding agricultural lands and a number of secondary towns ruled by sub chiefs. The urban center’s political and economic influence depended on its location on the Missouri, Mississippi, and Illinois
The Caribbean and South America came hosts to the plantations of Old World cash crops such as sugar and coffee. The Columbian Exchange increased the health and wealth of Europeans and their colonists in the Americas. Animals that were interchanged through the Columbian Exchange made good and bad impacts on Europe. Some impacts were the transformation of grasslands and revolutionizing of labor. Overgrazing by herds of sheep was the reasons for the transformation of the grasslands.
a. Improved human nutrition resulting from enhanced hunting skills b. Dramatically altered weapons and warfare caused by the use of bronze technology c. The adoption of settled agriculture that allowed more densely populated societies d. Major advances in human brain function e. The development of the wheel which gave advances to pastoralist societies Many historians believe the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture led to societies that were more a. Isolated b. Egalitarian c. Patriarchal d. Dispersed e. Matriarchal The earliest religions of settled farming communities tended to focus on … a. a male / father protector god b. a female / mother earth goddess c. many complex anthropomorphic gods d. a covenant with a monotheistic God e. a dualistic afterlife of good versus evil The statue of a queen of Kush shown below was most probably influenced by the art of a. Greece b. China c. Egypt d. India e. Gaul Which of the following MOST helps to explain why the river valley civilization of ancient Egypt remained politically unified for much of its existence, while ancient Mesopotamia was frequently divided into rival
One thing they had in comen was that they both had natural barriers separating them from other meager civilizations. Another major similarity was that religion played a big role in leaders staying in power because in china the Zhou claimed that gods gave them the through as long as they guided the people wisely and called their rule “mandate of the havens” and in Egypt it was believed that the pharah was a god on earth and he was son of Re. Finally another similarity is that they both depended on annual floods for the grouth of there crops. Differences: even doe Egypt and china have many things in common they also differ a lot. A way they differ is that Egypt has more of a dry flat land and china is mostly raised wet land.
On the Silk Road, not only were goods being traded, culture, religious, philosophical and technological ideas were also being exchanged. The Silk Road originated from Xian during the Han Dynasty in China only trading silk with only Central Asian Tribe. As the Han Dynasty expanded the Silk Road expanded to the Mediterranean and then to Europe. There in Europe trade flourished during the Pax Romana due a uniform currency, safer roads from robbers, stably and prospering Roman Empire. But after the Han dynasty declined in , China became divided so the trading along the Silk road decreased.