These bands used to be called as ‘New Orleans Jazz’. During 1920s, white jazz bands’ pieces were called ‘Dixieland jazz’. However from 1940s, people combined those two types of bands and call them ‘Dixieland jazz’. Dixieland jazz style was created in the early 1920s. Dixieland jazz style is strongly inﬂuenced by the ‘traditions of blues, ragtime and brass band because Dixieland jazz was created when the traditions of blues, ragtime, and brass band were integrated into one musical piece’ (http://www.historyjazz.com).
He also played the clarinet and the alto horn. In saxophone, he uses the technique called “Altissimo”, which is basically, any note higher than F# (sharp), the highest range in the normal range of a saxophone. To achieve the technique, the player produces many voicing techniques such as the tongue, throat and the air stream, in result disturbing the fundamentals of a note and attaining one of the higher overtones controlling. This type of technique is common in the jazz genre. “Coltrane Changes/Cycles” is the second technique used by John Coltrane.
Jazz Band II 18 October 2013 Mike Vax: BigBandJazz.net Mike Vax is an outstanding trumpeter who specializes in Jazz studies. On his album “BigBandJazz.net” he plays in a Ferguson-esque manor, not in terms of range, but style—playing over the band as the featured soloist. The first track on this album is “Royal Rendezous”, a Mike Vax original, which is a nice and mellow swing chart featuring tenor Scott Peterson and trumpeter Mike Olmos on the solos. I really enjoy this song because it contrasts in balance and dynamics. For example, the song at times changes from a quiet saxophone soli, to a loud shout chorus, to a uniquely created improvised solo.
What impressed me primarily was its combination of instruments. Tenor saxophone was in the front line of the band, which controlled the leitmotifs; bass and keyboard accompanied the main melody, and they were in charge of theme sometimes; drum and congas belonged to rhythm section, which were responsible for meters. In addition, a bamboo musical instrument called clave enriched the performance that played a strong beat. These are all typical instruments of jazz music. It seems that there was no need to use two kinds of drums in one band; however, since players showed us different timbres of these instruments and performed alone, each drum sounded thin, flat and unmeaning; in contrast, when these two tones mixed, it resulted a “magic reaction” in music, which was full of energy and great passion.
The use of chromatic notes adds to the mood created by the minor blues chord progression. In Boplicity the blues influences are less strong although chromatic passages are still used throughout for example in Davis’ chromatic semiquaver passage during the trumpet solo. Another technique of improvisation used within the set works is Enclosure. This is where the soloist sets up the target pitch by playing a semitone above the target note, followed by a semitone below before finally resolving in the target pitch. For example in bar 27 of the trumpet solo in Hotter Than That Armstrong plays an Ab followed by an F# before landing on the G, which is the 5th of the chord on the first beat of bar 28.
The Saxophone The saxophone is a “conical-bored transposing musical instrument” a part of the woodwind family. It is made out of brass and uses a single reed mouthpiece. This instrument proved very popular in the military band but is renowned for its use in blues, jazz and big band music. The saxophone was invented in 1841 by Adolphe Sax. Adolphe Sax was born on Nov. 6, 1814 in Dinant.
The soloing instruments seem to be the tenor saxophone, piano, trumpet (sometimes muted), and more saxophones. Some of the instruments used in this recording include trumpets, trombones, tenor/alto saxophones, clarinet, piano, and drums. A popular technique created that is still used today is to use a toilet plunger as a mute at the end of your brass horn which creates a unique and muffled jazzy tone. The band plays a bunch of different riffs that function as themes or as accompaniment material for soloists. This leads to an extremely popular technique; the call and response.
Jacob Chavez 09/08/2013 Diversity In Jazz Jazz is a music genre that is as diverse as the musicians and intruments that construct it. Slow tempoed jazz can create a feeling of saddness or lonesome, while an upbeat jazz song can make you feel an incredible amount of joy. Jazz is only the name of a network of smaller sub-genres. The sub-genres include but are not limited to Dixieland, Bebop, Blues, Swing, and Ragtime. Jazz can be found in day to day life if you know what your looking for, such nas when an operator puts you on hold or in the elevator.
The sound that he was seeking would be between the woodwind tone of the clarinet, and brass sound of the trumpet. He moved to Paris in 1842, and completed his work in 1845. The created instrument he named the "saxophone". It was soon taken up by many French orchestral composers. The saxophone started to be used in little orchestras in the 1800’s.
Next, some swing bands used certain tools to enhance specific sounds in brass instruments to entice audiences’ involvement (Starr, Waterman, 2010, p. 135). On the other hand, Tin Pan Alley bands relied on vocalists to help audiences’ compare the song’s lyrics to their lifestyle (Starr, Waterman, p.74). Furthermore, while Tin Pan Alley’s style involved singers to obtain audiences’ interest, (Starr, Waterman, p.74), swing bands played their instruments softly and then increased the tempo which