Early Jazz History

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Intro to Jazz In the Early Jazz period during 1900 and 1922, bands took place in New Orleans. Included in these bands were Joe “King” Oliver, Louis Armstrong, and Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton who all played a style of music that would later become known as Dixieland. It was not until the early 1920’ that many black New Orleans musicians were first recorded. Among the first was the Original Dixieland Jazz Band with a collective of white New Orleans musicians who organized their band during 1916 and played in New York during 1917. The earliest forms of Jazz featured collective improvisation. Improvisation was the ability to come up with a rhythm that was not prepared ahead of time. This was due to the fact that all members of the band played…show more content…
Using no vocals, a song called the “Dixie Jazz Band One-Step” as constructed with these five different instruments. It was recorded under the leadership of cornetist Nick LaRoca in 1917. The drummer in the piece has a soft undertone that is called a “roll-off”, a devise usually played by a parade bands drummer to prepare the musicians to march, under the horns. The pitch and rhythm of this piece tend to blend together to make a very complimentary sound to the ear. Cymbals are used sparingly and when the use of a cymbal crash this symbolizes something significant in the piece. The pianist in early jazz used a left-hand style that usually would incorporate a bass note on the first and third beats of each measure called a…show more content…
Roy Eldridge was a trumpet player, considered a link between swing and modern jazz. He varied his texture, size and vibrato on the trumpet in his tone while sometimes being clear and warn and other times begin brittle and edgy. Coleman Hawkins was in turn a saxophone player; he had a deep, husky tone. While he was not interested in developing new tone, he became popular by his chord progressions. The instruments used in swing were brass (trumpets and trombones), saxophone, and rhythm section containing piano, guitar, bass, and drums. The piano played the melody while the guitar and bass strummed one chord on each beat knows as rhythm guitar style. In “Sittin’ In” by Roy Eldridge and Chu Berry recorded in November 1938 it is compiled of a jazz combo. This piece starts out with the trumpet then is accompanied by piano, guitar and drummer, shortly incorporating the saxophone into the melody. At about the middle of the song, the drummer has a solo part and brings back in the other instruments. While I enjoyed both pieces while listening to them, I found myself moving more to the beat of the swing compositions and can almost feel that I am transported back to that era when I listen to

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