Early Imperial China Case Study

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Early Imperial China INTRODUCTION Go to http://www.ancientcivilisations.co.uk/home_set.html After the lengthy introduction, click on the small globe at the bottom of the page. This will bring up a list of “A-Z Cultures.” Choose “Imperial China.” Read the introduction on the left hand side of the page: o What reforms did Qin Shihuangdi bring to China? Old defensive walls in the North were joined to make the Great Wall, this was done to prevent invasion of Northern barbarians. A single currency and uniform measures were introduced. Canal building and a road network made trade and travel much easier. Commercial links with the outside world increased. Soon the Silk Road was introduced • o What religions were part of the “Three Ways?”…show more content…
Go to “The Great Wall of China” on the menu on the left hand side. Use the slideshow to see more pictures and learn more information about the Great Wall: o Who ordered the building of the Great Wall of China? Great Walls were built by by northern kingdoms (warring states) like Zhao, Yan, Qin. But it was Qin Shi Huang who ordered to link the walls together. This formed the Great Wall. o What was the purpose of the Great Wall of China? To defend the middle kingdom (China) from the invasion of Northern nomadic tribes. o View the slideshow of the Great Wall. Who built the Great Wall? The Great Wall was built by prisoners and conscripts. Conscripts came from the peasant class. o What were the conditions like building the Great Wall? Conditions change throughout the way of building the wall, but one thing in common about the condition was, it was harsh. o What materials were used to build the Great Wall? Local materials created the needs of building the wall. o How did the garrisons and watchtowers along the Great Wall communicate with each other? Garrisons and watch towers communicate with each other by lighting the fire which goes…show more content…
• GOVERNMENT Now use the website: http://www.earlyimperialchina.co.uk/room.html Go to the bookcase. Pick the Qin Dynasty book: Make notes on the Qin Dynasty under the following headings: Government: • What was the Qin system of government based on? The Qin system of government was based on Legalism. Under guidance from Li Si (Prime Minister) • What were punishments like? Punishment were extremely harsh regardless of the crime. Death was a common punishment • How many units was the Empire split into under Li Si (adviser to Qin Shihuangdi)? The empire was split into 36 units. These were controlled by imperial officers from a military background • What taxation was demanded from the peasants? Money, conscription, and public service for the emperor. • What occupations was the population organised into? The population was organized into into occupations that would benefit the country. Farming, building and the army were key jobs. Defence: • What was done to promote peace in the Empire? To promote peace in the empire, all unnecessary weapons were confiscated and melted down. • What were the soldiers known

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