Early Childhood Education Essay

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Te Whariki (Ministry of Education, 1996, p. 82) outline that “Playing with ideas and materials with no objective in mind, can be an enjoyable, creative, and valid approach to learning”. This essay will firstly explaining how play supports children’s learning and development by considering the different developmental domain such as physical, language, socio-emotional and cognitive. And then it will examine two major theoretical perspectives covered in this course which are Piaget’s stages of play development and Smilansky’s stages of constructive play and social-dramatic play and how they in relation to play. At last, this essay will discuss the teacher’s role and teaching strategies in promoting relation to theoretical perspective of play. In the first place, Play provides children with natural opportunities to engage in meaningful activities, it is also an important tool in assisting young children’s physical, language, socio-emotional and cognitive skills development (Patrick, 1996). Te Whariki (Ministry of Educaion, 1996, p.82) indicates that “Playing with ideas and materials, with no objective in mind, can be an enjoyable, creative, and valid approach to learning”. Play enhances language development, social competence, creativity, imagination, and thinking skills (Patrick, 1996). Through playing, children will learn more about the world around them than any other area, they also can learn and develop an understanding about how to develop relationships with others and what socially acceptable behavior is (Glover, 2001). Children will develop their fine motor skills by children need to combine hand-eye coordination skills through some activities such as pasting and cutting, writing the child’s name, stringing beads for a necklace, and wooden puzzles to practice these skills (Mistrett & Bickart, 2005). As well as children’s Gross motor skills are

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