Early American Natives Essay

441 WordsDec 28, 20132 Pages
As farming became fundamental to ancient societies in Central America, it had major impacts on the population of the regional societies. I believe three of the most important effects of farming in these early civilizations were efficiency, population growth, and social formation. Evidence suggests that cultivation in central Mexico can be traced back about 5000 years ago (Faragher, Buhle, Czitrom, & Armitage, 2009). As we look at these effects individually we must realize that these are the beginnings of what society today was built upon. To this point in time, hunting and foraging had been the primary methods of gathering food. When farming started to replace, or supplement, these traditional methods of food gathering several changes started to occur. Farming was a more efficient way of producing food that was more sustainable. The amount of land needed for farming was a fraction of what was required for hunting and foraging (Faragher et al., 2009). Farming produced yield after yield, whereas hunting and foraging was a game of chance. The probability of producing food through farming was greater than the chance taken to hunt big game animals. When farming started to reshape the lives of this civilization there was a need for an increased labor force. This need resulted in the growing population of the farming communities. “Farming provided not only the incentive for larger families (more workers for the field) but also the means to feed them” (Faragher et al., 2009). When there started to become a less mobile and growing population, social development was inevitable. Social networking is common today, but for these early civilizations it was a new idea that was just beginning to shape how future generations would live. Out of these early social developments was the idea of kinship. As the population became denser and the Indians grouped themselves
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