In this essay, I will talk about methods used by black civil rights organizations, and the changes brought as a result of this in the United States from 1954 to 1957. One significant method used by the black civil rights activists was legal approach. Many states of USA had segregated schools for white children and black children. Schools for black children often had fewer and lower quality equipments and supplies for students. Oliver Brown, a black parent, was not happy with this inequality that he brought a case in the US District Court against the Topeka Board of Education.
Following the "Brown vs. board of education" decision an incident known as the "Little Rock Crisis" occurred. In Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957, Governor Orval Faubus defied a federal court order to admit nine black students to Central High School, and president Eisenhower was forced to send in troops to enforce desegregation. Although most desegregations were not as serious as Little Rock, the desegregation process did proceed-slowly. Schools were desegregated only in theory, because neighborhoods were segregated by race and by having segregated neighborhoods would only lead to segregated schools. This event was very crucial in civil rights history because when the guard was called in, it was the first time that the federal government was used to protect African Americans.
Many believe that this book displays a negative and inappropriate view on racism that is too coarse for a high school environment. The main African American, Jim, is portrayed as dim-witted, slow, and overly superstitious which is one of many racist aspects of the book. Another controversy within the novel is the use of the “n-word” over two hundred times and it can make many of the students, teachers, and parents feel uncomfortable in a classroom and thus they think that the book be banned. Although some people do not want this novel taught in the classroom, Huckleberry Finn should be taught in a school setting under certain conditions because it teaches the valuable aspects of life such as the negative effects of racism, characteristics of religion and life in that time. Although this novel should be taught to high school students there are people that oppose teaching the book because of its crudeness and inappropriateness.
Readers could argue that Twain’s main point of the novel was to be offensive. But either way, he did just that. Times have changed and that word has no longer become an acceptable word for people to use. Most African American students grew up being taught that it was a horribly offensive word, and to never use it. So with that being said, many students could feel uncomfortable hearing it at school.
“Bullying is a big problem that effects millions of students, and it has everyone worried, not just the kids on it’s receiving end” (Lyness 1). Bullying does not just affect kids, but the parents too. It affects the parents because a lot of their children begin to be afraid attending school. In the novel Speak by Laurie Halse Anderson, Melinda was affected by being bullied lead her to think about suicide, scared of coming to school, and victims like Melinda begin to not care about school and fail. Melinda was affected by being bullied and led to many things and one of them is thinking about suicide.
Not only is there a strong chance that the book will bring back the use of the word Nigger, and other racist actions, but it also serves as a strong reminder to everyone, especially Americans, of a time in their country’s history that they would rather forget. However, isn’t education the key to stopping anything similar from ever happening? According to John Finch, the principal of Pasadena Middle School where some parents are pushing to ban the book, everyone is just over-reacting. “Children, young and old, are going to be exposed to racist ideas anyway, whether their parents like it or not.” “The school teaches core values that centre around equality, justice and diversity, and we have gone through a lengthy process in which we’ve talked to parents about the presence of the ‘N’ word. … We want to make sure children learn about justice and injustice, and one way to show that is to show negative and positive examples.” Ariel McSween, a 9th grade student of Pasadena School agrees with Mr Finch.
Things were changing and no one knew how devastating the consequences would be. Part of the cause of the growing unrest was the slow desegregation of schools which was in part caused by the “Pupil Placement Law” which gave states the power to decide where children should go to school. It seemed to be a back door to the 1954 Supreme Court decision to desegregate schools. There were also political promised for civil rights advancements and protections that had been made from all levels of office that seemed to be dead
Back in M.L.K’s time they did not have equal opportunities as whites. They did not have the right to vote until the 15th amendment was passed and it only gave black men that right. A lot has changed since M.L.K has been around. When Martin was going to school whites and blacks had to go to different schools. They were supposed to be equal but his school had windows covered with wood, while whites had glass windows.
Jim Crow Laws had a major influential impact on the United States during its time period due to its cruel ways. Jim Crow Laws were a system of racial apartheid laws dominant in the South beginning in the 1890s continuing for three quarters of a century. The laws affected everyday life, separating Whites and African Americans by posting signs to where either ethnicity could go to school, restrooms, drinking fountains, buses, restaurants, and more. Jim Crow Laws claimed to have treated African Americans the same as Whites through the quote “separate but equal”. Although the laws abided by that particular quote it was visible that African American public facilities low grade quality wasn’t nearly comparable to those of Whites.
It would be nearly 100 years before many of the injustices faced by the Black population surfaced into the public’s awareness. Yet little action was taken by the public, thereby requiring drastic action in the form of protests, marches, court cases, and many other methods to drive home the inequality suffered by the Black population. During this period, “lynching, chain-gang style penal practices and prosecutorial and judicial bigotry were common, particularly in the southern criminal justice system” (www.asanet.org, September 2007, pg.2). In many ways the Constitution of the United States should have been described as a “White Constitution” since many of the rights under this document were not applicable to Blacks. “U.S Supreme Court cases and legislation inspired and led by the civil rights movement, “due process” and other reform movements have made discrimination on the base of race unconstitutional” (www.asanet.org,