Durkheims Theory of Suicide

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Durkheims Theory of Suicide The reasoning of why people commit suicide is known only to the individual themselves. We can theorize, test, and even try to distort the situation to try to find the answers, but all we are doing is theorizing. We will never know what was really going through the persons head at the moment of the act of suicide. Emile Durkheim’s definition of suicide was the death ensuing directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the sufferer himself. His theory of suicide was his third major work, but his most serious and of most important work. Durkheim theorized three main types of suicide, all being society’s fallback. Theorists today find fault in his works, and even statistical errors he committed; the opposing view of faults found evidence proving Durkheim to be incorrect. With a theory there will always be an opposing and an agreeable stand. What can be taken out of a theory is what can be used to define and shape what we theorize today. To discount Durkheim’s theory of suicide would be to disregard a point of view that may help in other ways. The following is the explanation of Durkheim’s theory, the opposing views, Durkheim’s personal writings, and agreeable views to his theory of suicide. The Explanation of Durkheim's Theory Durkheim’s theory of suicide was best described as the relationship between an individual and the society they lived in. The main points of his theory of why people committed suicide are as follows: the degree of an individual’s role in society, social isolation, and being normal to which society would define. Durkheim did studies throughout European countries using official statistics and found that the degree of social interaction, and not psychological factors was the cause of suicide. When he was working on these statistics he would identify the growing number of a contemporary
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