They created religious communities devoted to serving God through prayer and good works called monasteries, which were usually inhibited by monks. Monasteries became Europe’s best-educated communities; they opened schools, maintained libraries, and copied books, but still had an emphasis on theology. Since scholars were skeptical and didn’t agree with the fact of a God, but as an attempt to resolve the contradictions scholasticism emerged. Scholasticism was scholars attempting to combine theology with Greco-Roman philosophy, and it was all an attempt to find a common ground with their views. Another example of holy order is the gothic cathedrals that thrust towards the heavens letting an immense amount of light in through stained glass windows to inspire.
From 1536 the royal court was at the heart of the government and power lay with the king. However, to exercise it effectively he relied on a bureaucracy supervised by the Council and the co-operation of both the nobility and Church. When the king intervened with the parliament and governments his power was at its strongest forming a King-in-Parliament. The whole arrangement of appointments was held by patronage where both the king and those close to him acted as patrons putting forward their clients for position and office to ensure Henry could depend on each and every one to support him in order to succeed a Henrician Reformation. This facilitated him to becoming the most superior individual and increased overall royal power by building up political influence in the latter years.
This art form was Northern European in nature with a contemporary style of scientific knowledge. This art form was a very popular art from throughout Europe and had great affects on both patrons and artists. Renaissance art style of the Proto period originated in Italy in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. Famous art and sculptures of the Proto Renaissance period are the Cathedral of Pisa, the pulpit of Baptistery, the sculpture of Giovanni Pisano and his father Nicola Pisano, and Giotto famous work at the Arena Chapel in the Cycle of Life of Christ. The perspective
The cathedral is very modernized compared to traditional Middle Ages designs in Europe. Moneo did this to reflect the diversity of the people. The Archdiocese moved to the current Our Lady of the Angels Cathedral because before, the Cathedral of Saint Vibiana is the home cathedral of the Roman Catholic worshippers until the Northridge Earthquake damaged it so they build the Our Lady of the Angels as a earthquake proof with a base isolated structure for protection against earthquake structural damage. This was the first time I visited this church, and I was amazed because it doesn’t look like a church on the outside. I admit to having visions of a Cathedral more baroque in regards to design and architectural style.
Large industries were placed in the Western suburbs and the extremely wealthy lived in massive mansions near the Yarra River. Almost all suburbs had access to a network of train and trams which were said to be the most modern in the world. Because of the economic boom of the gold rush, much of the inner part of Melbourne had outstanding Victorian architecture and housing. Melbourne was well known for its vast collection of building; ranging from cosy cottages to 12-story buildings. With the distinct Victorian architecture in mind, architects designed extraordinary buildings such as the State Library, University of Melbourne and the Royal Exhibition Building.
Do you agree with the view that the decisive influence in shaping the reformation of the 1530’s was Thomas Cromwell’s Idea of the Nation State? The reformation of the English Church and the break with Rome are arguably the most poignant moments in the Henry VIII’s rule. It marked the start of the nation state, and the Church of England. Although Henry played a vital role in the reformation there were others around him who also contributed towards it, and shaped it into what it became. Namely Cromwell and Cranmer played important roles, and overall I agree with the view that the decisive influence in shaping the reformation was Thomas Cromwell due to his closeness to the king and willingness to entirely devote his time and resources into the reformation.
The first method Henry VII used to strengthen his authority as King was by making a public vow to marry Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, in 1484. He then fulfilled this promise in 1486 and married Yorkist Elizabeth. This gave a huge advantage to Henry as it united the houses of Lancaster and York. To symbolise this Henry created the Tudor rose, putting the two houses colours together. The marriage reconciled factions giving him strong authority.
The floor plan of the cathedral was in the shape of the Latin cross and at the upper part of the building, gargoyles were believed to ward off evil (Fiero 308-311). The cathedral is located in the center of the city. In ancient times the cathedral was used to hold public meetings in addition to its main purpose as a building where Christians came to attend mass and worship God. Another of the many functions of Notre-Dame was to provide a
Gregorian Chant and its Development During the Middle Ages, there were two main types of songs, which were the the Sacred songs and Secular songs. The Sacred songs, known as plainchant or Gregorian Chant is one of the great treasures of Western civilization. They stand as a memorial to religious faith in the Middle Ages, symbolizes the sense of community during that period. Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic liturgical chant in Western Christianity. It is named for Pope Gregory who ruled from 590 to 604 AD, who is traditionally credited for the codiﬁcation of chants used in the celebration of the church calendar.