Dulce Et Decorum Est

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‘Dulce et Decorum Est’ is an anti-war poem written by Wilfred Owen back in1917, published in 1920.Dulce et Decorum est means ‘it is great to die for your country’. The poem describes a gas attack encountered by a group of tired, dying soldiers who have just finished their front line duties ‘are marched asleep’ back to their camp for a few days rest in a battlefield during the World War I. The poet is trying to depict a picture of the war’s cruelties, gruesome and atrocities through shifting rhythms, vivid descriptions and rich, raw images. Owen’s intention is to convince reader that the horror of the war far outweighs the patriotic clichés of those who glamorize it. Owen, a British Army officer, who was also took part in the war, was very much against the war. The poem’s intended reader was a woman called Jessie Pope, who had no part in the war, had written a poem, called ‘Who’s For The Game’, for the sole purpose of getting young men into war, making them believe that it is great honour to join the war and to die for their country. But, in Owen’s point of view, in fact, ‘Dulce et Decorum est Pro Patria Mori’ is ‘the old lie’. Owen uses a wide range of literary devises in ‘Dulce et Decorum est’, his purpose of using literary techniques is trying to create vivid, living impact on the reader how horrid, awful and appalling conditions the soldiers are experiencing. Owen wants his reader to feel exactly what he felt about the war, persuade his reader to believe the terror, pain and torture of the war, how devastating can a war effect a human being. He uses imagery and innovative metaphors through the poem. In the first two lines, ‘Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge’, Owen is using figurative language combined with simile and alliteration literary devises to reveal the reality of the war. Soldiers are

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