Discuss ethical considerations in research into genetic influences on behavior INTRO: Many ethical concerns arise from genetic research – there are no exact answers to these questions, but rather point of views that are poorly or well defended. In many countries, certain genetic tests are considered normal and appropriate during pregnancy. This is particularly useful as it has prevented many potential problems. For instance, a test with Phenylketunoria can be conducted, it the result is positive, then the parents can be prepared to follow a special diet the baby needs from birth to prevent any brain damage. It is also possible to test for Huntington’s disease, but there is no treatment for the disease.
It is believed that certain traumas and different environments have a great effect on how ones mind develops. If these environments are not emotionally stable, many things could go wrong psychologically. Also it is said less traumatic things, such as smoking while pregnant and substance abuse can cause psychological problems, later on causing criminal behaviors into adult-hood. Anyone being raised around a dysfunctional surrounding is bound to end up with some sort of emotional detachment, could’ve caused them to veer onto the path of committing crimes. Firstly, there are many factors that can exacerbate childhood trauma that will later on cause a person to engage in criminal activity.
I will describe what I thought of about the articles and how they pertain to the main points I am trying to make. In our society today, mental health treatment is considered to be much more humane and scientific, rather than the barbaric treatment given to mental health patients in the past. Although the psychiatric profession has considerably advanced, there seems to be a growing consensus from many mental health consumers and families, that the stigma of the past is still present in the treatment of mental illness today. It is considered inhumane to deprive someone in getting adequate treatment for their mental illness, but that is what is happening to many disabled mental health consumers. The majority of mental health consumers cannot afford to get the advanced treatment that is available to them, unless they either have enough money or good insurance coverage; most however do not.
Two situations that are most common today include the debate of whether stem cell research is worth the medical advance and whether children and teenagers have the right to access literary information on sensitive subjects that may influence their thinking. Our current culture has chosen to cease stem cell use to advance scientific knowledge and also limits the knowledge that is available to youth, in the hopes that these restrictions will fulfill the purpose of a code of ethics which is described as a method to “… enhance the sense of community among members, of belonging to a group with common values and a common mission.” However, the ethical judgements provided by the government or associations of collective peoples may not be entirely beneficial for all the parties said to be represented. There has always been a complicated relationship between the pursuit of scientific knowledge and certain human morals that come into question when seeking advancement. However, before a real code of ethics was produced, scientists and doctors worked to acquire new knowledge that they believed to be beneficial to the world around them, without many of the legal restrictions their counterparts face today. Presently, stem cell research is very limited and is oversighted by a committee formed by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
GlaxoSmithKline Case Study Identify ethical lapses that may have impacted product quality at GSK. GSK’s billions may benefit many stakeholders but certainly cannot prevent lawsuits. Ethical lapses have cost GSK dearly, but more to the detriment of consumers, have impacted product quality. Two of GSK’s drugs, Paxil and Avandia, had their research trials ‘fixed’ to either falsify outcomes or ‘gloss over’ results. The antidepressant Paxil, while alleviating the common symptoms of depression, was found to aggravate side effects, such as “birth defects” and “suicidal tendencies” (page 439).
Robyn believes that medication can be helpful, but she does give valid points about how it is over used. There is no one true norm for a human mind. By changing how the brain acts just to mask the troubled area, doesn’t help to find the root of the problem. Sarah says in her paper that pain (a problem) in our life is a response to our life. When experiencing “pain”, one reassesses and rebuilds, or takes a pill to cover it up.
This will help the individual by making them feel better about themselves and life. However, this therapy may not work for everyone which is a disadvantage because it only help certain problems and focuses son more specific issues and this does not help the possible causes of mental health. For some individuals the cognitive behavioural them immensely well and will recover a lot faster. Whereas other individuals will take longer to recover, this is because the therapist will have focused on the current problem instead of the problem that has occurred in the past. This therapy will not eradicate the problems completely but it will help the individual manage their problems in a positive way.
Conventional medicine is most commonly known as antibiotics Many would argue that utilizing alternative medication is a much wiser decision. It often is a slow treatment that may work with in a certain time period such as physiotherapy. In order for the effects to show, one must be patient and pursue this treatment. A wide range of people would agree that alternative medication can only cure problems to a limited level. It is rather difficult to interpret alternative medicine as a very “effective” treatment as it works for some people and for others it may just be mumbo jumbo.
While most initiatives have previously focused on medical staff, some now offer training to a wider range of healthcare professionals (Blok et al, 1999). Over the course of a career, a busy clinician may disclose unfavorable medical information to patients and families many thousands of times. Breaking bad news to patients is inherently aversive, described as “hitting the patient over the head” or “dropping a bomb”. Breaking bad news can be particularly stressful when the clinician is inexperienced, the patient is young, or there are limited prospects for successful treatment. Bad news must be told because of the following reasons: Patients Want the Truth Ethical and Legal Imperatives Clinical Outcomes However, breaking bad news is also a complex communication task.
For example, there are also carvings of the four humours but that theory was disproved later on. Meaning just because it is recorded in history, doesn't mean it is correct.The source would be very useful to historians. It would tell a historian a lot about the sort of medical care at the time. Although a lot of plays are actually fictional, they would inform historians what things the Ancient Greeks believed in, even if the beliefs were untrue. This story of Plautus being cured by Asclepius and his daughter must have meant something to the audiences otherwise they wouldn’t have gone to see it.