Drug Abuse During Pregnancy Essay

915 WordsMay 1, 20144 Pages
Many people do not understand why individuals become addicted to drugs or how the drugs change the brain to promote compulsive drug abuse. One very common belief is that drug abusers are able to just stop taking drugs as long as they willing to change their behavior. However, drug addiction is a disease that impacts the brain and because of that, stopping drug abuse is not simply just the matter of will power but it is also a matter of obtaining proper guidance and support. With this in mind, when a woman becomes pregnant, it is essential that she leads a healthy life and avoids anything that might harm her or her child. However, statistics show that more than 4% of pregnant woman ages fifteen to forty four have used drugs during just this past month alone, according to new data released by the SAMHSA. The most commonly abused drugs during pregnancy are marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and hallucinogens. First, marijuana is the most commonly abused illegal drug in the United States. While inhaled during pregnancy marijuana can affect an unborn child’s development and may even cause a miscarriage. Although, many of the effects of marijuana on an unborn baby are still unknown, studies have shown that the use of marijuana during pregnancy is connected to premature birth, small birth size, difficult and long labor, as well an increase in new born jitteriness. Smoking marijuana affects the amount of oxygen and nutrients that the baby receives, thus affecting the baby’s growth. Marijuana is never safe during pregnancy and can harm the unborn child during any stage of their development. In addition marijuana can affect a baby all throughout there childhood, causing the child to struggle paying attention and while learning how to read. Second, cocaine is a powerful addictive stimulant and is one of the oldest known drugs. In addition, cocaine is also a very dangerous drug

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