Drop Volume Of Nitric Acid

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Chemistry Design Lab Kim Li Feb 20th,11 Investigating the effect of different concentration of nitric acid on the its drop volume DESIGN Introduction: Intermolecular forces are forces that hold molecules together. They play important roles in determining the properties of a substance, properties such as boiling point, volatility, viscosity, miscibility, and electrical conductivity. [6] Examples of intermolecular forces include Van der Waals forces, dipole-dipole forces, and hydrogen bonding. Van der Waals forces are temporary dipole all species can form due to uneven distribution of electrons. Dipole-dipole forces are permanent dipoles due to different electronegativity. Hydrogen bonding is a strong dipole that forms when H bonds to N, O, or F. [7] Nitric acid (HNO3) is a colorless, toxic, oxidizing, and corrosive liquid commonly used as laboratory reagent and for the manufacture of fertilizers and explosives. [8] It is completely miscible and has a dipole moment of 2.17D[2]. It contains one hydrogen bond and is a polar molecule. Water (H2O) is colorless liquid that’s the basis of life on Earth. It contains two hydrogen bonds and is a polar molecule; it has a dipole moment of 1.85D[2]. Volume percent is a method used when preparing solution of liquids. It is defined as Concentration solute (v/v%) = [(volume of solute)/(volume of solution)] x 100% [5] This experiment is to use volume percent to create different concentration of 3M nitric acid solutions and investigate the effect of different concentration, which creates different strength of intermolecular forces, on the volume of a drop of nitric acid. Research question: What is the effect of different concentration of nitric acid on its volume of its drop? Hypothesis: If the
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