Evaluate 3 Approaches to treating Mental Disorders: Psychodynamic, Biological and Behavioural Approach. When looking at the treatment of people with mental health issues there have been various methods tried, some having limited success and some having long term success, in this essay I shall discuss the three listed in the title along with the benefits and weaknesses of each. Psychodynamic Approach: The concept of the psychodynamic approach is to explain behaviour in terms of the forces that drive it. The best known example of this approach is Freud’s theory of personality, although there are many other psychodynamic theories based on Freud’s ideas. Sigmund Freud was the ﬁrst to challenge the view that mental disorders were caused by physical illness and proposed that psychological factors were responsible for the illness.
This is the contradicting of Jung. Jung has analysis himself to experience the unconscious through his dreams and fantasia Jung believe that he was strong enough to make dangerous journey and come back to talk about it. His goal was to understand the unconscious from the purpose viewpoint of scientist. Ellis thoughts are that society is more disturbs and it more inclusive and exact “people disturb themselves by thing that have happen to them. And by the view, feelings, and actions” (p16) Horney’s (1950) also Adler writes that our Emotional reactions and lifestyle are associated with our basic beliefs and are therefore cognitively created.
Researchers know certain structuresof the brain that contribute to the formation of flashbulb memories, but no one really understands the whole process. Berrios tried to fill in this gap with his theory in his scholarly article Flashbulb memories and other repetitive images: A psychiatric perspective. He stated that “flashbulb memories could be formed by the activity of an ancient brain mechanism evolved to capture emotional and cognitive information relevant to the survival of the individual or group” (E.Berrios, 1999, pg.115). The severity of the incident that one experiences is also a good indicator in the creation of a flashbulb memory. Encarta states that studies that have shown that
Describe and evaluate the psychodynamic approach. Refer to at least one topic in your answer (12 marks) One assumption of the psychodynamic approach is that much of our behaviour is determined by the unconscious. Our behaviour is caused by unconscious mental processes which cannot be accessed. Freud the founder of the psychodynamic approach created a way of trying to understand these unconscious processes called psychoanalysis and is a treatment aimed to gain an insight of a patients repressed conflicts in their unconscious mind. This enables the client to have greater control over their emotions and reduce the likelihood of their symptoms.
Sigmund Freud differed from B.F. Skinner in terms of approaching human behavior. Sigmund Freud was a psychodynamic psychologist. His idea about human behavior and development shows that behavior throughout life is motivated by inner, unconscious forces, stemming from childhood, over which people have little control. He focused on the realm of the unconscious mind and the defense mechanism of repression. He created the clinical practice of psychoanalysis for curing the mind ailment-psychopathology.
Hypnotic-like inductions were used to place the individual in a sleep-like state. From researching on the internet, I found that The British Medical Association has called hypnosis ‘a temporary condition of altered attention in the subject that may be induced by another person’. (Compton’s Medical Encyclopaedia). The British Society of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis states ‘in therapy, hypnosis usually involves the person experiencing a sense of deep relaxation with their attention narrowed down, and focused on appropriate suggestions made by the therapist.’ A definition I found in the dictionary states that hypnosis is ‘an artificially induced trance state resembling sleep, characterised by heightened susceptibility to suggestion.’ I know that most of our brain’s activities occur unconsciously. Our brain would be exhausted if it had to remember to breathe every time the body needs oxygen.
Outline and evaluate the use of psychoanalysis to treat abnormality. Psychoanalysis covers treatment that addresses psychological issues, rather than biological factors related with mental disorders. The belief is that someone can look and understand the past of a patient and the activities in the unconscious levels of their psyche. Therefore they are able to deal with present situations happening in their lives. There are three methods to the process psychoanalysis, one being dream analysis – this means that according to psychodynamic theory, the unconscious us revealed in dreams.
The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) was created to help measure the needs for power, intimacy, and achievement in regards to motivation. The motivational view I agree with the least is the psychoanalytic view. “The psychoanalytic view of human motivation suggests that behavior is ultimately determined by unconscious sexual and aggressive drives and by the complex intrapsychic conflicts that arise in daily life.” (Pinel, J.P.J. 2008. p. 299). Freud had some beliefs that I believe have been outdated and further researched since his time.
Explaining the different stages of consciousness closely associated with the hypnotic states, these stages are identified as brain wave frequencies. Whilst exploring these frequencies, discussing the effects on the different characteristics of the body and mind. Describing the use of relaxation in hypnotherapy. It may be said that when thinking about hypnosis we believe that we are in a trance. Not all trance states are hypnotic (Waterfield.
Researchers have been puzzled by the many features of how and why the brain works the way it does. Scientists have been performing sleep and dream studies for decades and I want to learn more about dreams and the psychology behind it. In my research paper I will show statistics of dreams being remembered as well as the different sleep disorders that effect dreams. I will also go through the science behind REM and the different stages of sleep. I also want to show an example of different people going through tests to show when they are at REM sleep.