Cri Du Chat Syndrome also known as Cat’s Cry Syndrome is a genetic disorder found in about 1 in every 50 000 babies. The reason it is called Cat’s Cry Syndrome is because of the cat-like cry that the babies with this disorder have, it’s the English translation of the French word Cri Du Chat. Our body needs 46 chromosomes for it to function correctly, chromosomes are responsible for all the things we inherit from our parents eg. Eye colours, hair, face shape etc. When diagnosed with Cri Du Chat Syndrome, the child is missing some of the genes on the chromosome number 5 meaning that child is born with delayed development and they also have an intellectual disability.
According to World Health Organization, stillbirth is a birth weight of at least 1000 gm or a gestational age of at least 28 weeks (third trimester stillbirth).Of the 2.7 crore babies born in India, there are 22 stillbirths per 1000 births. Many doctors believe that the lack of obstetric care to the pregnant women is one of the prime causes of stillbirths. Stillbirth is common. It may affect anyone. There is no way to predict when stillbirth will happen or who will experience it.
Even with that drop in the death rate, SIDS is still responsible for about 3,000 deaths per year (“Sudden Infant Death” 1621). There is a theory that SIDS is caused by rapid development. This theory that SIDS is a developmental thing argues that because a baby's brain is growing so quickly during its first six months of life, there is a chance that it may send an abnormal or wrong message to a critical organ system. Another theory is simply that these infants are just not healthy to begin with. This idea says that the baby's time in the womb before it was born may have placed it more at risk.
Eye tests to check for lens dislocation, cataracts or a detached retina. There is a genetic test to see if you have it and who has it in your family. A person receives Marfan syndrome affects 1 in every 5,000 people all over the world. It’s a genetic disease, which means it is caused by a problem with a kid’s genes that happen before birth. The syndrome is passed from parents to children.
This disorder is caused by damage to the motor control centers of the developing brain during pregnancy, childbirth or after while the child is a toddler from the ages of 3 to 5. In general there are 2 main problems that can cause CP. The first is failure of the brain to develop properly, and the second reason is, neurological damage to the developing child’s brain. Type and timing play a big role in determining the severity if the brain damage. Very pre-mature babies are at a high
This causes the image to form in front of the retina as opposed to on it (Kolata, 1985). Myopia frequently results from excessive postnatal eye growth. Typically, it develops in the early school years; however, some cases do not develop until early adulthood (Quinn, Shin, Maguire, & Stone, 1999). Myopia is a very serious disease that can have a tremendous effect on the life of a child. Approximately 5.6% of blindness among American school children can be attributed to myopia.
Congenital malformation: A physical defect present in a baby at birth, irrespective of whether the defect is caused by a genetic factor or by prenatal events that are not genetic. In a malformation, the development of a structure is arrested, delayed, or misdirected early in embryonic life and the effect is permanent. Congenital malformations can involve many different organs including the brain, heart, lungs, liver, bones, and intestinal tract. These defects can occur for many reasons including inherited (genetic) conditions, toxic exposure of the fetus (for example, to alcohol), birth injury and, in many cases, for unknown reasons. All parents are at risk of having a baby with a birth defect, regardless of age, race, income or residence.
Most people avoid thinking of the idea of having one of their future children born with a genetic disorder. But this is not a realistic thought. A study made by the National Down Syndrome Society (2014) found out that about one in every seven hundred babies in the United States is born with Down syndrome, a chromosomal disorder caused by an error during the cell division. This results in an extra copy of the chromosome 21 which alters the brain and body development. People with Down syndrome are born with intellectual disability, some characteristic facial features and cognitive delays.
The two doctors who discovered it was Dr. Prader and Dr. Willi (Ishmael ).Back then doctors were uneducated to what was making Prader-Willi individuals have the obsession to eat. By 1981 a Doctor by the name of David Ledbetter found the cause of the disorder(Prader-Willi Syndrome Association). Since then researchers have done many studies and found abundant amounts of information about the disorder. While being developed a person with PWS, Prader-Willi Syndrome, is missing the 15th chromosome ( Ishmael). A chromosome is a tiny structure that contains the genes we inherit from our parents.
These opinions are varied and usually supported within certain societies or organisations. Ethics occur every day in everything we do. This is shown in a way that people do things in different ways and for different reasons. One of the main areas of genetic engineering is genetic manipulation of human cells, known as Human Cell Therapy. Around 40 years ago two scientists James Watson and Francis Crick (1980) of the Medical Research Council discovered that there were more than 3000 medical disorders that could develop within the human body as a result of errors in the individuals DNA (Medical Discoveries, Genetic Engineering).