John Girard Professor Baker II Psych 350: When Harm Is Done September 9th 2013 Fixing Juvie Justice: Reflection Paper When one thinks of the definition of criminal what might come to mind? Murder, drug lord, gangster, bank robber are all-extreme examples that came may come to mind. Yet many people would be shocked to know that many of these “evil criminals” portrayed in the media, television, and even movies got there start as a children! The repeat offenders in and out of our prison system most likely began their life of a crime as a child. The film we watched class cleverly titled Fixing Juvie Justice completely broke down the wall of doubt that was is our American judicial system, and offers a positive solution to fixing the problem of repeat offenders.
This classification makes sense because if crime is caused by terrorists; terrorist will cause crimes. If the majority of minorities are in prisons, then people of color will end up in prison. On the opposing side of racial profiling, many minorities feel that it is a form of racial discrimination that only hurts the good image law enforcement upholds. For example, the California Highway Patrol has recently been taken to court for the misuse of racial profiling. Therefore, a compromise must be made because it would be ideological to believe that there can be a government that bans the use of racial identification.
What happens during the reconstruction of the memory may significantly affect its accuracy. False eyewitness memory is the main factor leading to false convictions. The Innocence Project claims that eyewitness misidentification is the single greatest cause of wrongful conviction in the USA, playing a role in more than 75% of convictions that were subsequently overturned through DNA testing. One explanation for the inaccuracy of EWT is that questioning by the police or other officials after a crime may alter witnesses’ perception of the events and thus affect what they subsequently recall. For example some questions may be more ‘suggestive’ than others.
David Phillips, who chairs the crime committee of the Association of Chief Police Officers, suggests that “someone manifestly guilty can evade conviction” under the double jeopardy rule. The amendments are able to alleviate this problem by allowing retrials provided that there is “new and compelling” evidence to be adduced. The first successful retrial case of R v Dunlop , which pleaded William Dunlop guilty to the murder of Julie Hogg in 1989, marks the reduction of legal gaps in the double jeopardy rule. Dunlop exploited the rule by confessing his guilt to a prison officer knowing that he could not be re-trialed. However, the amendments acted as a deterrent to such exploitation.
Criminal Justice System Paper Your Name CJA/204 April 6, 2014 Rudy Pichardo Criminal Justice System Paper When I think about the criminal justice system I think about corruption, the falsely accused, inmates who aren’t given the proper sentence, and how awful it is for the people. In this paper I’m hoping to give a better understanding of the criminal justice system by identifying the goals of the criminal justice system, describing the components and the criminal process of the criminal justice system and some of the other components in the system. The criminal justice system is built on a few important principles; Presumption of innocence, due process, independent judiciary, openness and accessibility of court and equality before law. (Merriam Webster: An Encyclopedia Britannica Company, 2014) defines crime as an illegal act for which someone can be punished by the government. Meaning, if you break the law of which has been given you will be punished.
He has to deal with the most frightening nature of the justice system facing the death penalty. There is a sense of judgment from the courtroom that because Steve is young and black, he is likely to have committed the crime in the eyes of the jurors because he has been arrested, and he must have done it because the police and the prosecution witnesses wouldn’t lie. In addition to this, Steve becomes very timid while filled with despair knowing that he has been accused of a crime he didn’t commit. He states early in the novel, “Sometimes I feel like I have walked into the middle of a movie. Maybe I can make my own movie.
DESCRIBE AND CRITICALLY EVALUATE ANY BIOLOGICAL THEORY OF VIOLENCE/HOMICIDE One of the main problems faced by criminologists is explaining why certain individuals commit crime and especially violent crime. Biological theories focus on the individual offender, positing an inherent predisposition towards criminality. Theories based on individual positivism fell out of favour in the early 20th century but have seen something of a resurgence in recent years due to the advances in genetics and this essay will explore whether there is a genetic contribution to crime through looking at twin studies. Twin studies involve the comparison of criminality among monozygotic (MZ) or identical twins and dizygotic (DZ) or non identical twins (Brookman, 2005). ‘Whereas MZ twins are identical in hereditary endowment, DZ twins are no more alike genetically than common siblings’ (Dolgard and Kringlen, 1976, p.213).
Ethical Considerations for the Investigator and Prosecutor in Homicide and Rape The investigator and prosecutor play very critical roles, roles that are only fairly fulfilled if all parties are as ethical as possible. Failing to act ethically can lose a case, set a criminal free or could even mean someone innocent going to prison. While ethics in every single type of case are important we are going to examine homicide and rape. Both homicide and rape leave the public hungry for answers. We must be sure that finding those answers are done ethically from the crime scene to trial.
The Ineffectiveness of Sex Offender Registration Laws Using Labeling and Social Disorganisation Theories. Name: Jasmine Jovcic Course: Bachelor of Criminology Unit: CRM 206: Criminology Unit Coordinator: Guy Hall Submitted: 3rd of October, 2012 Word Count: 1 900 The Ineffectiveness of Sex Offender Registration Laws Using Labeling and Social Disorganisation Theories. Laws such as Megan’s laws arise in the presence of a growingly concerned community in the face of sex crimes. This increases demand for a more intense measure to punish and monitor the offender, as well as provide the community with the ability to protect itself and the children in it from becoming victims. With legislative changes around the world including that of Megan’s law in the United States of America (USA) and Sarah’s Law in England, it is no surprise that states around Australia, including Western Australia (WA) are following in the lead.
In the book The Condemnation of Little B, Brown's central theses is the criminal justice system. Throughout the book the one argument she is constantly supporting is the idea that young black boys, in their early teens, are arrested and put through the criminal justice system in a new age version of lynch-mob justice. The alleged crimes of these young black boys recieve much media fanfare, but when they are cleared of any wrong-doing nothing is said about it in the media. She makes her arguments by using the story of Little B as a frame