Double Jeopardy: Blockburger V. United States

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The Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution involving the clause of double jeopardy states that no person shall “be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb…” This statement gives no right to the government to prosecute or punish a criminal for the same offense. Going through trial in a case is not only financially straining for both the court and the individual but also emotionally. There are three conditions necessary for a defendant to have protection under double jeopardy against a second prosecution. The earlier prosecution must progress to the point of jeopardy attachment. Second, a prosecution must then involve the same offense. Last, the prosecutions must be given by the same government entity. The federal and state government are separate sovereign entities, each entity have the power to prosecute for violations of their laws. This leads into the first question, “..why under certain circumstances a state trial and a federal trial may be held for the murder of the same person without violating the double jeopardy clause..” This answer is found within the dual sovereign doctrine. It states that the Constitution forbids being placed twice for the same crime, you cannot be placed in double jeopardy by the same sovereign, by the same government. In theory…show more content…
United States, 1932. It states basically that a person cannot be tried for lesser and greater crimes using the same evidence in subsequent trials. A person can be tried on lesser and greater crimes using the same evidence if the crimes are tried together in one trial. This does not constitute double jeopardy because the defendant is not tried twice using the same evidence. The Blockburger test, in the Court's words is this, "The test to be applied to determine whether there are two offenses or only one, is whether each provision requires proof of an additional fact which the other does

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