The first person narrative means that the reader is more likely to trust Nick’s account of events because we hear it from his point of view but is also unreliable as it is biased and not omniscient. Fitzgerald also retracts this trust within the first few paragraphs as Nick tells us he is ‘inclined to reserve all judgement’ before going on to say how ‘a sense of the fundamental decencies is parcelled out unequally at birth’. This is ironic as he says he is not judgemental, and then makes a judgment in the same paragraph which simultaneously reduces the reliability of his narration. Fitzgerald also uses the setting of the chapter to tell the story. He does this through the differences between East Egg and West Egg; ‘their dissimilarity in every particular aspect except shape and size’ which indicates that the two locations are completely different.
How could she, without over-narrating, get a deep problem involving such characters when they do not speak enough to reveal that problem? Frome's character and his marital relationship are at the heart of the novel, but they are revealed only indirectly. Wharton solved her difficulty in a masterful way by her use of imagery and symbolism. It is in her use of imagery and symbolism that the depths of the story are to be found. Without an understanding of them, a reader would find the characters unmotivated and the tragedy contrived.
Assess the strengths and limitations of using unstructured interviews as means of investigating domestic violence [15 marks] Unstructured interviews are a research method favoured by interpretivists, due to the qualitative, in depth and personal data that they produce. Where they excel in the authenticity of their research however, they lack in practicality, reliability and representativeness, the qualitative nature of the data produced contradicts quantitative research methods favoured by positivists. The sensitive and victim centred nature of domestic violence seems to be appropriate for this research method, a participant is unlikely to produce personal and sensitive information in a rigid style questionnaire or interview. In terms of validity unstructured interviews excel in investigating domestic violence, the flexibility that they offer allows participants to delve into extremely personal and unexpected areas in their responses, due to the traumatic nature of the issue at hand. This gives the interviewer invaluable data on the causes and consequences of domestic violence, allowing them to begin to construct trends after several interviews.
The use of first person narration is less accurate because the narrator’s emotions affect the plot. Depending on a person’s previous history, background, and culture, it is natural for two individuals to interpret the same situation differently. Whereas one person may have a positive outlook on the situation, the same person may have a negative perspective. In first person narration, the narrator, or person telling the story, is telling you his perspective of events, with little consideration to others’ interpretations. This leads the reader into understanding the storyline in compliance with the narrator’s beliefs.
Dr. Roylott is presented as a character that is not necessarily an angry man and is not at full mental capability. This is discovered when Helen Stoner describes how Dr. Roylott disposed of a former butler and accused thief ‘In a fit of anger...be beat his native butler to death.’ The slang word ‘fit’ shows that this was an outburst and he is not usually angry to the mental state of wanting to commit homicide. This shows he could have been outraged by his daughter to the point where he had a fit of anger and kill her for a simple reason. This makes the reader feel unsafe around Dr. Roylott, as they are worried he could snap at any moment, but gain more confidence in Holmes as they feel he could easily beat a man who is not at full mental capability. Dr. Roylott is presented a scary, unwanted man.
There are many features that contribute to the quality of a story. It is important for authors of stories to take these features in to account in order to produce a story able to captivate the interest of the readers while leaving the desired message with the reader. Both conflict and plot are necessary elements of a satisfying story. Conflict is essential to a story because it is the feature that keeps the story moving. Without conflict there would be nothing to create suspense, nothing to play on the emotions of readers and force them to feel sympathy or compassion towards the characters.
He is a devoted husband to his ‘dearest partner of greatness’. 7. However, in Act 1 Scene 7, having been persuaded by Lady Macbeth, Macbeth decides to murder the King. At this point his character changes, he is driven to commit further murders by his need to protect himself from the consequences of his actions. He becomes ruthless, tyrannical deceitful and dishonourable.
/ The killer, ambushed by excitement, announces: “And now a new anxiety seized me—the sound would be heard by a neighbor! The old man's hour had come!” (2). / The narrator decides the old man’s time is up, which reveals the inner evil of the madman. / In this short story, Poe uses the eye and heart to symbolize the perils of evil. / The author uses the old man’s “evil” eye as a stimulus
Though his planned maneuver to murder his uncle Claudius, the contrast between his feigned madness and Ophelia’s true madness, and his ability change behavior around different characters that possess his trust, Hamlet’s true, rational condition emerges from beneath his veil of insanity. Hamlet is not truly mad because he is merely using the guise if madness as part of his plan to murder Claudius. After the ghost of old King Hamlet relates the dreadful story of his demise to the young prince Hamlet realizes that his abhorrence of his uncle Claudius is wholly justified. To avenge his father’s murder, Hamlet valiantly uses his keen mind to devise a plan that will confuse Claudius and lure his uncle into a false sense of security. Hamlet decides the best method of deception to trick Claudius is to pretend that he suddenly becomes a raving lunatic.
James' intentions for writing 'The Turn of the Screw' were to leave the story ambiguous and force the reader to interpret the events and ponder unanswered questions by themselves, deliberately leaving them frustrated due to the aspects of the narrative structure used by James to enforce his meaning. James utilises the governess' grandiloquent yet unclear style to withhold information from the reader, and since the story is told in a retrospective first person narrative, it further establishes the reader's paranoia at the credibility and accuracy of the governess' memory. James' intentionally vague novella uses three narrators to unravel the plot, the unnamed writer of the story, Douglas and the governess, all of whom contribute to additional layers of ambiguity. By using the narrative structure, James is able to maintain ambiguity throughout the novella by withholding information through the means of the governess' own lack of knowledge and her writing style. The majority of the novella is told from the perspective of the governess, and therefore, the reader only has access to the information held by her, which is evidently not very much, per James' intention to keep the governess, and subsequently the reader, in the dark; we don't even know her name.