Dorothy Orem's Self Care Model

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Dorothy Orem’s Self-Care Model xxxxx xxxxx NUR/403 January 31, 2011 Jacqueline DePaulis Dorothy Orem’s Self-Care Model Orem’s theory of self-care describes people as “maturing or mature adults that deliberately learn and perform actions to direct their survival, quality of life, and well-being” (Alligood, 2010). I chose Orem’s theory because I also feel that one must learn and perform to direct their survival and quality of life. It is human nature to survive and it is part of that survival instinct that drives us to learn and perform. I see this daily with my cancer patients. Majority of the patients that are diagnosed with cancer and have to receive chemotherapy do not know anything about either or have a misconception of cancer and its treatments. The patients must learn about their cancer and their options for treatment. Then they must learn about their treatment, what to expect as side effects and how to adapt to these side effects. By understanding their disease and treatment they patient can improve their quality of life. Historical Background Dr. Dorothea E. Orem, RN BSN, Ed. MSN, Ed. was born 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland. Dr. Orem developed the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory – SCDNT in 1956. She developed this theory to define nursing’s concern: “man’s need for self-care action and the provision and management of it on a continuous basis in order to sustain life and health, recover from disease or injury, and cope with their effects” and nursing’s goal: “overcoming human limitations” (Orem, 1959). Her theory is divided into three parts; Theory of Self-Care Deficit- inability to perform self-care and why people can be helped through nursing, Theory of Self-Care- why and how people care for themselves, and Theory of Nursing Systems- nursing process used to help individuals meet their self-care requisites and the
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