Dorothea Orem's Theory

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Nursing Theorist Assignment Brenda Cornman 403/Theories and Models of Nursing Practice 3/12/2012 Shoni Davis Nursing Theorist Assignment I have chosen Dorothea Orem’s Theory of Self Care because it is a theory that can be applied to almost any instance or type of nursing. Having worked for HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital and now Kindred Hospital where a great portion of our patients are transitioning from the hospital setting with a higher level of involvement by doctors and nurses in their daily care to home where they will be responsible to take care of themselves. I became inclined to learn more about Ms Orem’s theory which centers on a person’s ability to care for their self and very applicable to the healthcare settings I have been involved in. Dorothea Orem was a nurse from Baltimore Maryland. Ms Orem began her career with a nursing diploma from the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Washington D.C. sometime in the 1930’s. Ms Orem continued her education until she received her Master’s Degree in 1945. During this time she worked in the operating room, emergency room, private duty setting, pediatric and medical nursing units and eventually became a director. She became interested in improving the quality of nursing in general hospitals in her state and subsequently became a consultant to the office of education and it was during this time period that she developed and published Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory for the first time in the “Guides for Developing Curricula for the Education of Practical Nurses”. In 1976 she received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from Georgetown University. The last known edition of her theory was published in 1999. In Ms Orem’s theory there are four basic concepts or meta-paradigms; The first concept is the human being which is an individual composed of internal physical, psychological, and social

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