Running head: NURSING LEADERSHIP Nursing Leadership and Management Elizabeth Rowan Holy Names University February 14, 2008 Abstract In this document is a literature review of articles on leadership styles as applied to health care agencies and the nurse leaders and nurse administrators who work in them. The information acquired from the literature review is applied to the interview of nurse leader Anita Siegel, Deputy Director of Alameda County Public Health Department. Her leadership style is assessed and compared to the current literature. Introduction Leadership styles provide a variety of techniques to govern, direct, and inspire organizations and personnel. Different styles are appropriate depending on the situation of the organization and the personalities of the workstaff and leader.
Our presentation is on Katharine Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory. Here is a quote from her book that captures the essents of her theory “Cure sometimes, treat often and comfort always. Katharine Kolcaba was born Katharine Arnold Dec. 8th, 1944 in Cleveland Ohio She is married and has 2 daughters and 8 grandchildren In 1965 she received her Diploma in Nursing from St. Luke’s Hospital School of Nursing in Cleveland. In the mid 1980’s Kolcaba wanted to further her nursing career, so she returned to school. In 1987 she earned her RN and Masters of Nursing from Case Western Reserve University.
On May 12, 1914, 94 years to the day after the birth of Florence Nightingale, another influential nursing theorist was born, Martha Rogers. The eldest of four children Martha earned her Diploma in nursing from Knoxville General Hospital in 1936 followed in 1937 by her Bachelors of Science from Peabody College in Nashville. She later acquired two master’s degrees, one as a teacher and one in public health. She spent her early career in rural public health nursing and visiting nurse supervision, education and practice. In 1954 she was granted a Doctor of Science degree from John Hopkins.
Dorothea Orem Self-Care Theory Dana Houston NUR 403 June 21, 2012 Liana Garrett Dorothea Orem Self-Care Theory Nursing Theorist Grid Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site. Name: Dana Houston Theorist Selected: Dorothea Orem Description of Theory: Dorothea Orem believed that people should be self-reliant and responsible for their own care and others in their family needing care. The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, also known the Orem Model of Nursing, was developed by Dorothea Orem between 1959 and 2001. It is considered a grand theory, which means the theory covers a broad scope with general concepts that can be applied to all instances of nursing.
At your present level of education, how would you perceive nurses applying nursing theory? Give examples of how research is applied in your area of practice. Evidence-based practice(EBP) is applied in my area of practice. According to Chitty and Black (2011), “EBP means using the best available research findings “to make clinical decisions that are most effective and beneficial for patients” (Cope, 2003, p. 97). At my level of education, having an Associate’s Degree in nursing, “I help identify clinical problems in nursing practice, assist in the collection of data within a structured format, and in conjunction with nurses holding more advanced credentials, [I] appropriately use research findings in clinical practice” (Blais & Hayes, 2011, p. 187).
The ANA offered a definition of nursing and incorporated the definition into the nurse practice acts in 1955. The national council for the state boards of nursing defines nursing as a profession focused on the care of individuals, families, and populations to attain, maintain, or recover to optimal health and quality of life from conception to death. REGULATIONS COVERED BY THE NURSE PRACTICE ACTS The most definitive source for regulating nurse practice is considered to be the nurse practice act. The nurse practice acts define the scope of practice for healthcare individuals, requirements to enter into the medical field as a healthcare professional, along with definitions, and standards of nursing practice in each state. States may also
Three years later she completed the baccalaureate nursing program with honors. She took her first nursing job at the University of Kentucky Hospital working in the trauma intensive care unit. By working in this critical care setting, she learned an immense deal of knowledge, critical thinking, collaboration, and the necessary decision making skills to become a more effective nurse. In this position, she also learned that the patients look up to the nurse not only to treat them but to educate and provide support to them and their family members. After being a nurse and working in this area for six years, she then contemplated of taking her education to the next level.
Martha Rogers Theory: Unitary Human Beings Martha Rogers was a community health nurse then moved to higher education spending 21 years as a professor and head of the division of nurse education at New York University. She was a nurse, researcher, theorist and author. She viewed the role of a nurse as to serve the people, help clients develop patterns of living that accommodate environmental changes rather than conflict with them.. Rogers also proposed noninvasive modalities for nursing such as therapeutic touch, humor, music, meditation and guide imagery and even the use of color. The interventions of nurses are meant to coordinate the rhythm between the human and environmental fields and to help the patient in the process of change. By practicing nursing with this view of the coexistence of the human and his or her environment, a nurse can apply Martha Rogers's Science of Unitary Human Beings to treat patients and help them in the process of change toward better health.
The Nursing Process This paper will explore four peer reviewed articles from the ITT Virtual Library with the basis of the Nursing Process. The nursing process is said to be originally based on a nursing theory developed by Ida Jean Orlando. This theory developed as she observed nurses in action in the late 1950’s. Ms. Orlando observed two types of nursing, good and bad nursing. Nursing care continually needs to be directed at improving outcomes for the patient; not about nursing goals.
The following nurse leaders and events influenced the nursing profession, shaping the delivery of healthcare into what it is today. Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) Florence Nightingale was born in 1820 and began training as a nurse in 1850. In 1853, Nightingale served as a nurse during the Crimean War (1853-1856) where she quickly recognized that unsanitary conditions posed a health hazard (Egenes, 2009). From her efforts with cleanliness and basic care, the wounded soldier death rate from infections on the battlefield decreased significantly. Florence Nightingale laid the foundation for nursing practice.