How does Shakespeare show duality in his play Macbeth?

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How does Shakespeare show duality in his play Macbeth? The play ‘Macbeth’ is set in Scotland in the 16th century. It was based in an era where patriarchy was widespread and women had very little rights or freedom. In the opening scene of the play, three witches make a statement that sums up the whole theme of the play “Fair is foul and foul is fair”. The key phrase in this sentence is “Fair is foul” as it tells us that Shakespeare is already influencing us to see things differently and allowing us to see a different aspect of what can be classed as “fair” or “foul”. Furthermore, the contrast of these two powerful words can also mean that Shakespeare is creating a sense of duality in the play. This could mean that the whole theme of the play is fundamentally built on contrast, duality and comparison. Shakespeare shows duality in the play through the characters, their character and their intentions and the means they use to achieve their goals. Shakespeare created, in the play, the feeling that the appearances of the characters were deceptive, this is shown in the sheer transformation of seemingly good characters into paranoid, fearsome killers. The most noticeable metamorphosis occurred in Macbeth himself. From the first few scenes of the play, it became clear that there was a definite duality in Macbeths’ innermost desires. At the beginning of the play, when Macbeth is fighting against the King of Norway, he is described as “valour’s minion”. He is also described as “brutal”, “strong” and “loyal”. There is a definite contrast between the idea of Macbeth being loyal and brave but also brutal. However, this sentence is ambiguous, the prospect of Macbeth being brutal could mean that he is brutal in tongue, manner and in war. This could mean that although the people respected and admired Macbeth, they were also afraid of him. On the other hand it could mean
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