The devices make a suspenseful, shocking, spine-chilling play. This book is nothing short of ironic; Shakespeare uses the rhetorical device irony all threw Macbeth. For example the thane of Cawdor is killed over committing treason and treachery against the king, only to give the title to Macbeth who plans to commit worst things to the king. The king even goes on to state after killing the thane of Cawdor that “There's no art to find the mind's construction in the face He was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust” (I.IV.15). To then put his trust in Macbeth only to be betrayed by him.
How does William Shakespeare present Macbeth and Lady Macbeth in Act 1 of the play? Macbeth, arguably one of Shakespeare’s most twisted plays, shows us how having too much ambition can have disastrous consequences especially if there is someone there to keep pushing and encouraging you do to do things you wouldn’t normally do. Macbeth we first see as a courageous and valiant man who slowly slips into a dark character with the help from Lady Macbeth, who we see as a ruthless, heartless person from when she is first introduced. The supernatural, blind ambitions (greed) and equivocation are just some of the main themes introduced to us in Act 1. At the start of the play, we were introduced to our Macbeth by the injured captain's recount about his war-time battlefield valour and heroics, therefore we were given an impression that the male protagonist was theoretically meant to be a courageous, brave and capable warrior who would risk anything to defend his country.
It is quite interesting to note that the words of the witches will have an echo in Macbeth’s “So foul and fair a day I have not seen”. Macbeth utters these words at the very first time he enters the stage. This shows the evil connection between Macbeth and the witches. This is suggestive of the psychological depravity of Macbeth who means that the day is foul because it is stormy and fair because he has won the battle against King of Norway and Thane of Cawdor. In the use of the language of witches, Shakespeare shows a great mastery.
This shows me that Macbeth is becoming a more vengeful person foreshadowing more bad deeds “We are yet but young in deed”. The survival of Fleance also adds significance to the play in a dramatic fashion. Fleance’s survival plays a trivial role on Macbeth’s future as king because of the prophecies of the witches. The fact that Fleance is still alive brings fear and sleepless nights to Macbeth. This makes us readers to believe that Fleance will revenge the death of his father in the future.
The witches were the driving force of Macbeth’s guilty ambition and were the prophecies that would play on his mind continually. “All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be King hereafter,” (Act One, Scene 3, Line 53). Following this, readers are introduced to Lady Macbeth, another character that encounters an ambitious discourse. The audience witnesses Lady Macbeth and Macbeth’s ambitious discourse being ruined when they conclude that the only way to be on the throne is to commit the murder of the loyal King Duncan. The murderous actions of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth lead to their guilty ambition influencing each other to commit deeds that would not only ruin their clean conscience, but also their cultural assumptions.
.Elorm Vowotor Ms. Van Dyk ENG3U-SL 19th November 2012 Macbeth: Act V: Equivocation Equivocation is the use of ambiguous expressions in order to mislead. It is also to deceive with words; to say one thing but mean another. Shakespeare uses equivocation to illustrate the evil nature of the witches. Equivocation is found in the witches prophesies. Vague language is used when providing Macbeth with prophesies.
While this may not seem to be controlling, the mental affect on Macbeth was more damaging then anything they could have imagined. Macbeth’s mental state from the beginning when they first said the prophecy went on a massive decline sanity wise, were Macbeth could only think about how the witches predicted Banquo’s descendents to take the throne. Later on in the play, an apparition that the witches had summoned up for Macbeth says, “Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff!
It could be that he has damaged himself so that he is unable to feel empathy for others - or that the evil is innate. Macbeth displays some very evil characteristics - selfishness, coldness, obsession and cold-blooded murder. Shakespeare explores the degree to which he alone is responsible, and how far others contribute to Macbeth is perhaps Shakespeare's greatest exploration of the problem of evil. Evil is positioned both within and without. The witches are objective figures but Macbeth's first utterance in act 1, scene 3 suggests that he shares a similar thought with the witches.
The Role of Equivocation in the Play “That palter with us in a double sense,/ That keep the word of promise to our ear/ And break it to our hope” (5.8. 20-22). Equivocation is a common form in drama and is used to mislead others with ambiguous expressions. In Macbeth, equivocation appears to show a way of protecting others, to effectively display the evil actions of the witches and to cause violence and death that finally leads to the tragedy. Initially, equivocation is sometimes a method of protection.
The theme of deception in Shakespeare’s plays The typical themes of Shakespeare’s works, especially his plays, often reflect popular moods, problematic occurrences and typical traits of human nature from his time which are relevant even today. One such theme is deception. The idea of deception in Shakespeare’s plays has many different faces. In one instance, it is accidental, as in The Comedy of Errors. In another instance, it is used as defense against greater harm, as in Othello.