Interpersonal violence is a big threat to inmates and jail personnel. American jails are faced with the threat of overcrowding, and the threat to the society criminals who have been set free. Better prison management methods are able to solve the issue of overcrowding in jails. Violence against staff by prisoners can be addressed by having only experienced staff to oversee the jails. The threat that former inmates pose to the society can be addressed by better rehabilitation
Correctional Systems Compared United States vs Sweden Law enforcement varies from country to country as do debates about its effectiveness. This paper compares the Swedish and American penal systems with regard to prison management, types of criminals, prison designs and levels of security. It argues that based on the rates of recidivism, Sweden' s system is superior to that of the U.S. Discussion It is probably fair to say that the American penal system has switched from the idea of rehabilitation to that of punishment. The "three strikes" laws have filled up the nation's jails with people guilty of relatively minor offenses, causing overcrowding and frustration.
Criminals are sent to prison to pay for their crimes and to be rehabilitated. The reality is that prison only makes them better criminals. Many would believe that prison is a place where inmates are reformed. Unfortunately that is untrue. Across the United States penitentiaries inmates are literally forced to join prison gangs.
While more and more young men and women are being ushered into the criminal justice system under the guise of fighting drugs, the prison population continues to rise. At the heart of the rise in prison population is drugs. Those who were arrested under the strict laws of the 1980s-1990s still remain in prisons across the country. They are now adults who have become institutionalized and will never again be a part of society. Tax payers pay to house these inmates and pay for their medical expenses as they spend the rest of their lives in a prison cell with no hope for the future.
A probation officer will ensure that the offender meets the conditions set by the court. Failure to meet the conditions will result in the withdrawal of probation, and the offender will like face imprisonment. A person can be sentenced to prison or jail instead of probation based on the crime. The severity and type of the crime governs the facility an individual will serve out his or her sentence (Schmalleger, 2009). The goal is to punish or rehabilitate an individual while ensuring the safety of the general public.
Prison Gangs Dealing with prison gangs is a task that is not easily rectified by prison staff. New and techniques to get messages from gang members inside prison to their counterparts outside prison walls is ever changing. Just when you think you have figured out how they are communicating to each other, gang members come up with new and alternate means to get the message out. This is not only true to gangs with members on the outside, but with gangs that are entirely made up of inmates as well. One possible way to deal with the growing problem of prison gangs and the violence that is often associated with them is to identify members and keep them separated (Demsky, 2009).
Criminals who breach their early-release conditions, by failing to keep an appointment or committing another offence, can be recalled to jail. Enver Solomon, the author of the report, said: “The untold story of the record prison population is the large number of offenders who do not pose a threat to the public but are being dragged back to overcrowded, overstretched jails at great expense to the taxpayer.” His report calls on the Government to relax the national guidelines on when a prisoner should be “breached” for breaking licence conditions and make them less punitive. Juliet Lyon, director of the Prison Reform Trust, accused the Home Office of setting up ex-prisoners to fail. She said: “Arrangements designed to be tough and fair
Why could not America try this approach, rather than torturing the citizens? After being release from isolation, they are return to society, which they have no social interaction with, cognitively impaired, any psychological, or physiological help, makes it highly possible for them returning to crime. Gawande spoke with the state prison commissioner who has publicly defended long-term isolation uses states “He would remove most prisoners from long-term isolation if he could and provide programming for mental illness cause that’s what most of them have.” He further told Gawande that “he tried to remove an inmate from isolation; the Legislators called for him to be fired and threatened to withhold basic funding, even hostile stories appeared in tabloids. Isolation could be removed by the stroke of a pen, It is pointless for commissioner to act unlaterally without a change in public
Evaluating them through psychiatric counseling will gage whether the behavior can be corrected through the punishment imposed or if other avenues can be taken. The mental illness rate is much higher in prison than in society. Mental health helps the inmate to operate optimally by evaluating and changing their personal dysfunctional behaviors. Countless number of prisoners never receives any sort of mental illness treatment. Because the shortage of staff, no medication to prescribe, and no supervision for mental illnesses prisoner, they suffer.
Discursive Essay - Does prison work? This question is far too simplistic for a yes or no answer. Prison has four main aims firstly, retribution; to punish an offender who has broken the law, the punishment will reflect the seriousness of the crime and the level of moral fault. Secondly, protection of society; which takes criminals out of the circulation of crime and stops other people in society from becoming victims. Thirdly, rehabilitation; the use of effective counselling and educational programmes help offenders reform themselves.