One thing we can be sure of is that a business cycle affects different sectors of our community in different ways. Gross domestic product is a great measure of an economies growth. The chair of the Federal Reserve uses information gathered from GDP to assist with making necessary adjustments to keep a balance between inflation and unemployment.
A deficit results when more money is spent than is taken in; a surplus results when more money is taken in than is spent. -- Buying securities in open market operations may promote economic growth because this action increases banks' cash, allowing for more loans and investment -- The Federal Reserve includes twelve regional banks -- Which is an example of the deregulation of a government-regulated natural monopoly? A new law allows consumers to choose between electricity providers -- The country of Lilliput has high unemployment and low consumer spending, and small businesses are closing. What should Lilliput's government do to improve the economy? Lower the income tax, which gives citizens more money to spend, and buy more services from civilian-owned businesses, which creates more jobs.
If exports were to increase this would result in an increase in AD, as the balance of payment is a factor. The subsequent result of this increase in AD would mean an increase in supply, leading to an increase in the rate of employment, as firms are forced to take on more workers in order to fulfil demand. This means that the increase in exports would reduce specifically cyclical unemployment ( demand deficient unemployment). This is because the increase in exports would result in a increase in AD, hence curing the deficient demand. Furthermore, the cost of the formerly unemployed, i.e.
ECO/372 Learning Team Aggregate Demand and Supply Models The Keynesian economists would look at the current proposal of increasing taxes as a governmental expression of the intermediate approach to the economy. The government taking control and having the people pay the price for their higher tax bracket. These funds would be used to decrease the amount of money owed by the United States. The effects of the economy would be absorbed and educated responses would be to lessen those impacts. To increase their taxes would be appropriate and this would be stream lining taxes at a time when the economy needs a boost.
The customers feel good. They spend more because they have jobs and sable income. More money is collected by the government from income taxes and VAT. The last, factor the prices tend to increase because of high demand so the inflation is rising. Recession- The recession is an opposite of boom stage.
Economists still argue whether Reagan’s actions were helpful or harmful to the United States economy. They question whether it was Reagan s policies that pulled the United States out of the 1982 recession, or whether it was new money being poured into the economy by the Federal reserve. Also many people believe that Reagan’s policies are having more effect on the economy today than they did during his presidency from 1980 to 1988. I feel that Reagan and his policies were extremely helpful to the economic status of our country. I feel that even though his policies produced a large deficit, his other improvements, such as increased GDP, more jobs, and pulling out of a recession, helped to make Reagan’s time as president a success.
Explain how an increase in federal budget deficit due to recession can stabilize the economy. A deficit means that the government spends more than it receives in tax revenues in a given year (O’Sullivan, Sheffrin, & Perez 2010, p. 374). The total deficit is spending, plus all the interest payments on top of the original debt, minus the total tax revenue (http://www.blurtit.com). There are three factors, known as automatic stabilizers, that affect and stabilize the economy, they are: 1) government purchases of goods and services, such as public safety, government transfer of payments, and unemployment insurance, 2) Medicaid or Medicare etc.,and 3) the collection of taxes. If the government cut taxes or increases transfer payments such as unemployment insurance and food stamps this helps to offset the decrease in household income.
He would provide recovery by creating the NRA (National Recovery Act). The National Recovery Act helped recover from the depression by controlling production, prices, labor relations, and the trade practice in businesses. Although the Supreme Court declared this act as unconstitutional, it led to the PWA (Public Works Administration) and the NIRA. Both of these programs help put money back into the economy, and helped stimulate the economy. Roosevelt’s New Deal program did help America with recovery, relief, and reform at the time, and for the future.
Keynesian Theory Maynard’s theory is a combination of monetary policy of the central bank and the fiscal policy of the government. He believed that both policies, working in conjunction of each other, will help stimulate the economy during recessions (www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keynesian_economics). For instance, if the central bank reduced the interest rate of the loans to commercial banks, the government in return signals the commercial banks to follow suit in reducing their interest rate. The government then begins to invest in the infrastructure, thus outputting income into the economy. This action then helps to create business opportunities, employments, and demands thus resulting in reversion of the initial imbalance (www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keynesian_economics).
(Kelly, M. and McGowan, J., 2012)(p.19 & 21). Fiscal policy is more effective in promoting economic growth, by increasing government spending or reducing taxes. Fiscal policy in economic has reflected both political and economic realities. Monetary policy has the ability to slow down the economy in order to promote full employment and inflation. The monetary policy to economic is to increase the amount of money, by cutting interest rates.