Zachery Stephen Julie Ramon English 101 November 20, 2012 Hall of Fame vs. Steroids Seven-time gold glove winner, 298 career average, 762 home runs (all time record holder), 2558 RBI's, ten time all star, four time most valuable player, and 71 home runs in a season (major league record) considered by many the greatest hitter that ever lived no doubt this man should be a hall of famer. Right? According to most experts no because the man listed above is Barry Bonds who played in baseballs "steroid era" and is believed to have used performance enhancing drugs. According to buysteroids.net there is no exact and clear-cut definition for it , but loosely speaking, it is any substance intended to improve a particular physical skill-set or performance, particularly in the realm of sport competitions (Enhancing Drugs). The "steroid era" in
The History and Science Behind Americas Pastime Shane Zeysing Grantham University The popular game that gained fame as being 'America's favorite pastime' is none other than the brisk game of baseball. There are many controversies and debate that go with the origin of baseball. Cricket, Baseball, softball running games and rounders are believed to have taken shape from primitive type of community games. Even though the name has no clear relation many games were popularly played that somewhat resemble modern day baseball. There were different ball games that were known by amusing names like stool ball, goal ball and even poison ball.
Alex Rodriquez is arguably one of the best baseball players ever. He started his career in 1994 with the Seattle Mariners, but he only played seventeen games that year. With the Mariners in 1996 he finally earned a starting spot at shortstop and burst on to the scene with 36 home runs and 123 RBI. Then in 2003 Major League Baseball and the players association agreed on a new contract which includes random drug tests called survey testing. Alex Rodriquez is one of the many players who were tested and had performance enhancing drugs (PED) in his system.
Baseball has long been the pastime in American sports and the steroid use has caused an upset due to the tradition of the game (Carise). Players see using steroids as an artificial advantage compared to the earliest days of the sport (Carise). Players have made statements, such as “…in 2003, David “Boomer” Wells claimed that up to 40 percent of major leaguers use steroids” (Carise). In 2005, Jose Canseco who was a known steroid user for his entire career said, “…that up to 80 percent of major leaguers had taken steroids” (Carise). Testing in baseball did not begin until 2003 and steroids did not make Major League Baseball’s banned substance list until 1991 (Carise).
He was a star, and thats such a rare thing. Shakurs notoriety among mainstream audiences had much to do with his outlaw image, which was derived in large part from his frequent and high-profile scrapes with the law. Given his upbringing, however, this was perhaps to be expected. He was in prison, he often reminded interviewers, before he was born. His mother, Afeni Shakur, was a member of the militant Black Panther movement; in 16 she and 0 others in the organization were arrested in connection with an alleged conspiracy to blow up several buildings in New York City.
Muhammad Ali and the Civil rights movements Muhammad Ali was born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. in Louisville, Kentucky. He was named after a white abolitionist that had freed his slaves. Cassius clay experienced everyday prejudices that most African-American experienced during these times. Cassius had no idea that his life was about to change through circumstance which could have lead to a less admirable paths. At the age of 12, his bike got stolen and resulted as the catalyst of his career choice.
Malcolm X also rejected the civil rights movement's strategy of nonviolence and instead advocated that black people use any necessary means of self-defense to protect themselves. Malcolm X soon became the most well known national spokesperson for black Muslims. He quit the organization of Nation Of Islam in 1964. He was assassinated in less than an year. Malcolm X has been said to be one of the most influential and successful African Americans in history.
1919 World Series: A Scandal Ask anyone that knows even a little about the history of baseball and they will know about the 1919 World Series or The Black Sox Scandal. The 1919 World Series between The Cincinnati Reds and the Chicago White Sox was to be like any competitive sport championship but the White Sox had a roster filled with greats and were favored to win the series. Tales from men and sources illustrate the continuing hold that the Black Sox Scandal has upon the hearts and minds of baseball fans and, more widely, upon anyone fascinated with baseball history or human drama at its best (Asinof 52). This series is known to baseball lovers as the “Black Sox Scandal” because the year after the series was won by the Cincinnati Reds it came out that 8 players on the White Sox team were paid to throw the game. Gambling, greed, and the actions of the players and coaches all attributed to the “Black Sox Scandal” of the 1920’s.
The straight answer to this could be simple like they could have several more African American sports stars in the 1950’s like Satchel Paige and even though in the book Jackie Robinson was downplayed, him as well. There also could have been numerous more African Americans involved in the medical field, like Vivien Thomas. On a lesser scale than baseball and heart surgery, in the narrative Fences what did institutional racism keep the characters from reaching. The most prominent scenario of this occurrence is Cory’s inability to join the football league in which he so desperately desired. If not for the fear of Cory being shadowed by his white counterparts on his team his father most likely would have let him join.
Skins tones range from white, black, and “trigueño”. As opposed to playing in the U.S. where the news would deliberately misspelled Roberto Clemente's words as a way to denigrate him for being black, poor and having a different culture and language. Jackie Robinson was a African American, who was a Lieutenant of the American Army. Bill Rickie chose Jackie Robinson, because the ability he had to compose himself against the treatment of the then racist public. They both became great baseball players, by proving their fellow team mates who also mistreated them and against their opponents that they were better players and better human