I think it is clear that young people are not deterred from bad behavior by just the fear of punishment. Kids know then a person's “bark is bigger than their bite.” At the same time,if a young person sees someone else get punished for problem behavior, this might deter them by proxy. The idea of general deterrence is that just one punishment is enough todeter other people if the situation is taken care of quickly enough. General deterrencerelies on the idea that, if young people believe that society both intends to punish criminalacts and that they are able to, they will be deterred from committing a crime by thesefactors and this awareness. One example of this is that more police officers can go onto the police force, so that the young person sees them everywhere and believes that they mightcatch them.
This then lead for official statistics and the law enforcement to show a bias towards working class boys. This research shows how deviance only exists because people have decided to attach a label, thus the labelling theory is useful in explain how a deviant and criminal behaviour is classed as this. However, it fails to explain why some people certain crime and deviance in the first place before they are labelled. Also, as said in Item a ‘’deviant individuals are labelled when their actions are discovered and provoke reactions from society. However, this reaction will take differing forms, depending on how the nature of the action is perceived.’’ But as well as this, labelling theorists look at the effects and reaction it causes the individual to take.
Assess the usefulness of functionalist approaches in explaining crime The functionalist approach to analysing deviance and the causes of crime looks at society as a whole. It explains crime that the source of criminal behaviour lies in the nature of society itself rather than in psychology or biology. Functionalists such as Durkheim see deviance as an inevitable and necessary part of society and too little is unhealthy. Some also consider crime to have positive aspects for society. In this essay we will assess the usefulness of these functionalist theories, and look at how it helps us explain crime.
It does however explain why some people or actions are described as deviant, and can help in understanding crime and deviance. According to item A labelling has changed the theoretical base for the study of criminals. Becker emphasises the significance of crime being a social construct; an action only becomes criminal or deviant once society has labelled it so, and that crime can be argued to be a social construction. He introduced the concept of a master label, referring to the label which a person is given which overrides all other labels. When a person is labelled as negatively, society tends to tend them as such, and this master label often becomes internalised, and then a self-fulfilling prophecy occurs.
They believe that people may be biological more attracted to committing crime than others for example, they believe traits such as aggression and risk taking are inborn in the person and this causes them to commit crimes. They also think that the socialisation of the person leads to their tendency towards crime. They believe, like conservatives and new rightist, that the nuclear family is the best form of socialisation and avoiding crime Another right realist, Charles Murray, believes that the rising crime rates may be due to a rising ‘underclass’, those who are defined by deviant behaviour and fail to socialise their children properly. As mentioned in item a, right realists also believe that the state plays a big part in the rtes of crime. As people can rely on the state to supply them with money people are less encouraged to go out and work to end their money, fathers no longer need to support their children as lone parents can live off benefits, there
Although many people are against that, others have felt it was right even necessary. Yes teens make mistakes and do unnecessary things, but treating them as adult’s isn’t the right thing to do. Juveniles shouldn’t be punished as adults, because they’re still maturing and still have the mind of a child. Teenagers often don’t have the mind of an adult, so why try them as one? In Adam Liptak’s article “ Locked Away Forever” published in The New York Times he tells us of the case of Joe Sullivan, who was charged with sexually
In I really think this model * * is very effective and should be used more often. Another model that was built for these offenders that * * we have to house is the Auburn model. Which was a model that was really design for any type of * * criminals? This specific model was just perfect because it was only set up to know a certain amount * * of people that was set in a small confined spaced that will eventually drive the person crazy. This is in * * my opinion very fair because of all the issues an offender brings to people lives.
I personally believe that both William Safire and Alan Dershowitz have a good argument. Dershowitz is pointing out the positive aspects of having National ID cards while Safire points out the negative. I agree with both of them. I think that the ID would give us more security and would make me feel safer about what goes on around me everyday. I do also believe that it would be a gateway for law enforcement to be able to exploit people more often and pick on them because of something on their record.
In order to make it aware to the community that offenders have been punished, sentencing makes it clear that punishment is occurring. It has been recognized by the courts that deterrence is considered one of the main purposes of criminal punishment. Corporate crime is taken seriously because it is not only hard to detect as well as it causes harm or loss in some way to the public. The main purpose of creating deterrence was to ensure that the criminal realizing the crime they committed, prevents other people from committed that crime as well as it gives a sense of satisfaction to society that someone is being punished for their crime. The overall goal of retribution is to reduce
Kenyatta Waters Fu English III March 5, 2013 Gangs Gangs are made up of young men and women that grow up in harsh, underprivileged backgrounds who look for someone for social support and protection. Younger individuals in ghettos and lower classes see that they’re limited to things they could do, so gang membership is like a family, place to belong, and a strong sense of power. Gangs are like a business that hires anyone and sometimes the only chance many young ones have in getting a job. Although parents and school officials have tried to discourage gangs by outlawing these gang colors and styles, gangs have historically fulfilled real needs among underprivileged youth. Gang memberships in the 1950s weren’t always dealing with crimes but it