It is also helpful in improving the knowledge of gene expression and to discover possible means of diagnosis and treatment of genetic diseases. The information in the maps has greatly speeded searches for single genes that cause disease. Some people are against genetic mapping due to privacy concerns and harmful effects although I am in favor of it because of its importance. Genetic mapping involves some of the important preferences and consequences in health, forensic application, and social concern. Genetic or linkage mapping helps in the identification of inherited diseases.
When you sit back and think of the process and some of the issues that arise from human experimentation, you begin to realize how many ethical issues we must have considered to come to conclusions to have deemed it right to begin experimentation on humans. Why did we decide it was important to begin studying eugenics? Why have we come to a conclusion that by experimenting on a few we could benefit many? We begin our discussion by learning what Eugenics is and focusing on its importance. Eugenics by definition is the science of improving a human population by controlled breeding or changing of genetics to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable outcomes.
The main ethical issue is that many people, due to their religion or personal opinion believe that destroying human embryos is a form of murder. However many other people believe it is furthering our knowledge of science. I personally believe that scientific research is very important to our everyday lives, as it brings us new understandings and knowledge on how the world works. Although the opposite opinion of my own is very hard to justify as it is considered unnatural and wrong, I believe that the benefits for curing diseases and repairing important parts of the body, out way the negatives. Scientists have also begun looking at adult specialised cells, and figuring out how to make them unspecialised again so this ethical problem won’t be an issue anymore.
For example, many employers use the information to make decisions about who they hire; they also do a background check for the individual. Another con is that some people believe that doctors will use eugenics. Eugenics is when the genes are manipulated and only the preferred genes are hand-picked and will be passed down to the next generation of children. In my opinion, I have a few different viewpoints about if CODIS should contain DNA from all American citizens or not. I believe yes because it could help to detect diseases
Antibiotics are given before and after the procedure to avoid fetal infection. Amniocentesis is useful in diagnosing many genetic disorders before the baby is born. In families with genetic diseases or for a mother with previously born child affected by some genetic condition, the test is useful to confirm or to assess the risk of recurrence. Triple test is a test where markers in the blood are tested for Down syndrome, trisomy 18 and trisomy 13. This test does not confirm the diagnosis of these syndromes but tells us about the
Apart from this, newer tests can help people from cancer prone families know whether they have inhereted the disease and how they will respond to various treatments. Moreover, it is believed that within thirty years there will be a gene-based therapy for most diseases. This means that defective genes will be replaced by healthy ones, allowing to cure a wide range of disorders. However, genetic engineering will not only be used for necessary and good purposes. Human beings have shown that they have no limits to scientific research and there seems to be always one more step to follow.
The high number of multiple births and the increase of some health issues are forcing society to examine the ethical issues that are caused by fertility drugs and in vitro fertilization. Do we as humans have the right to alter God’s creations? Are we only asking for more problems, not only for us but for all of the children in future generations? Fertility issues can happen to both men and women; however, we tend to see it more in women mostly because they are waiting until later in life to begin families. There have been many studies done linking fertility treatments to some cancers in both the mothers and children and even autism in some of the children born via fertility treatments.
Gene Therapy: Gene Therapy is a well known medical treatment that is used to help combat, prevent, or treat a disease that affects cells by substituting, removing or incorporating brand new genes into the body of the affected individual. In other terms, it is essentially manipulating a person’s genetic material. In the coming future, this technique could possibly allow doctors to essentially insert a gene into a patient’s cell without the difficulties of either using drugs or surgery. Although gene therapy is seen as a promising technique for a wide variety of diseases, however a lot of people believe we are essentially playing with god as we were created the way we are and should not be modified. Through this essay I will be talking about whether or not we are "Playing with God" It is often talked about whether gene therapy used on humans to manipulate human genes should be allowed, as it could be seen as "playing god" as we are essentially altering fundamental aspects of the human makeup God created, or simply the dangers involved in changing the human genome.
Cloning technologies may help to understand the composition of genes and their effect on human traits and behavior in a more comprehensive and elaborate manner. Cloning can also make it possible to alter genetic constituents in cloned humans, so as to simplify their analysis of genes. A wide range of genetic diseases can be averted through cloning. • Genetic alteration of plants and animals can also be enabled by cloning. It can also help to replicate animals that can be used for research purposes by scientists.
In the future this allows for better medicine that would decrease hospitalization rate, doses of medicine, and increase the rate of recovery. Since the beginning, doctors have prescribed medicine or treatment based on the symptoms of an illness that an individual patient possesses. By doctors performing genetics test the hospitalization rate would decrease because the benefit of modern genetic technology can find the appropriate medicine for a specific gene type. Today when you go to the doctor, your examination will reveal symptoms in general. The doctor will assess