907-928. Topic This paper focuses on the aftermath of domestic and family violence and investigates the impact this violence has on children and their primary carers. In conjunction with this study, the author questions the 2006 reforms to the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) (‘FLA’). Alexander’s premise is that the reforms have done little to adequately resolve the issues for the victims and in some cases have made matters worse. Many victims continue to experience violence long after the court proceedings have finished.
This is more harmful to the child’s wellbeing on many different levels. Children experience the same feelings associated with divorce that adults do, they feel a loss and grief for the parent that is no longer there on a daily basis. The attachment that they had to the parent prior to the divorce has been forever changed. Some research shows that the quality of relationship between parent and child deteriorates and that the effects last until adulthood (Bouchard & Doucet, 2011). More recently laws have begun to change due to the research that shows children benefit from having both parents involved in their parenting.
U.S. divorce rates have been rising since the beginning of the 20th century. More than a quarter of people age 18-44 come from a divorced family. Psychologists have known little about the long term effect this has on kids and are just now coming out with useful information. (“BreakupBacklash”) Researcher Sara Hara Estroff Marano(www.psychology.com) found that effects of divorce depend on what happened in the marriage before the divorce occurred. For example, kids that have lots of high conflict in their family are happier after the divorce occurs.
In 2006, the proportion of mothers with newborns that were in the workforce was at 57% (“Working Parents”, 2012). That number increased to 61% in 2008 (“Working Parents”, 2012). There are many single working mothers who have not finished High School or received a GED. This leads to problems down the road. Thirty percent of teenage girls who have dropped out of school listed pregnancy or parenthood as the primary reason (“Teen Pregnancy Prevention”, n.d.).
Third, the subsample for the study was for parents who adopted children whose ages fell between one and a half years and eighteen years old. They divided the sample into two age groups. The first called the younger group was with children ages one and half to 5. The other was called the older group and contained children ages 6 to 18. Interestingly, the statistics show that gay and lesbian parents do well with older children, but have a high percent adopt children that are between the ages of one and a half and 5.
Studies done by Sara McLanahan and Gary D. Sandefur, they had found that children raised by single parents were worse off in life than children that were raised by both parents regardless of race, educational background or if the parent was remarried. The same would hold true for teenagers that were raised by a single parent or only lived with one parent at one point during
There is an increased incidence of emotional and physical damage even if the divorce is low-conflict. Problems persist into early adulthood and affect the marriage and mating choices of children of divorce (Crouch, 2006). These differentials mostly are not accounted for by other variables such as parents' incomes. On the other hand, most children of divorce turn out fine without serious problems that
In this case, child still can have good understanding of various situations and be able to grow with the right vision of the family. The situation is different and more complicated in the families that have gone through the challenges of divorce. Child, whose parents got divorced, goes through significant emotional shock and re-evaluation of the core values and moral principles. In the majority of cases, divorce causes a lot of negative emotions between parents that cannot be hidden from a child and, consequently, it goes deeply into the mind and mentality of a child. Negative aspects and attributes of divorce, such as discussions on the parental control, cruel scenes between parents and negligent attitude towards the child, as proven by the empirical research data, influence future behavioral patterns of this child and create dysfunctional attitude and relationships in his or her own family.
I would like to focus on a few separate areas as it relates to broken homes; divorces, single-parent families, and working mothers with children under age 18. The research findings on divorce and delinquency have been mixed. Overall, however, there is general support for the argument that children of divorce are more likely to be delinquent. For example, a 1994 study by Furstenberg and Teitler looks at the effects of marital disruption before and after the actual act of separation through divorce that may influence a child‘s development. They found that in marriages that are disrupted, parents may have higher levels of conflict, be more prone to economic stress and meager parenting practices.
Parental separation has been reported in the literature as being associated with a wide range of adverse effects on children’s wellbeing, both as a short-term consequence of the transition and in the form of more enduring effects that persist into adulthood. Both parental marital status and the parent-adolescent relationship have been found to be related to adolescent well-being (Forehand, Middleton, & Long, 1987; Buchanan, Maccoby, & Dombusch 1991). There is a wide diversity of outcomes among both groups of children from divorced and intact families, and the adjustment of children following divorce depends on a wide range of other factors. Pryor and Rodgers (2001) show that the risk of poor social adjustment is twice as great for children whose parents are separated or divorced (Amato, 2000; Simons, Lin, Gordon, Conger, and Lorenz, 1999; Emery, 1999; Kelly, 2000; Hetherington and Kelly, 2002). Among other things, children from divorced families 2 PAGE UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS showed increased problems in social and close relationships (Hetherington 1997), were two to three times more likely to associate with antisocial peers (Amato and Keith, 1991), engaged in earlier commencement of sexual activity, including being twice as likely to encounter teenage pregnancy (McLanahan, 1999), and were at a greater risk of substance