Diversity In Nursing

1631 Words7 Pages
The key to giving good nursing care to a client from another culture is clear, precise communication, understanding of the family structure, educational values, and health and nutritional values. If a nurse’s communication skills are such that the patient is offended by the interaction, poor or misinterpreted communication could offend a patient and/or put his medical or nutritional well being at risk. The Egyptian Muslims' native languages are French, Arabic, and English, and they encompass certain cultural beliefs that a nurse should be aware of to gain respect (CIA). According to Maya M. Hammoud, MD, “Arabic speech is often repetitive and flowery rather than short and straightforward, which means that the provider might want to engage in social courtesies, especially when establishing a new relationship with a patient or patient’s family.” Use open-ended and focused questions and maintain boundaries. Women who observe hijab (covering the head and body )and devout Muslim men may not shake hands with someone of the opposite sex; therefore, if the client does not offer their hand first, contact should be avoided. In most situations, avoid stroking a patient’s arm, offering a woman a comforting hug, or making eye contact with the opposite sex, to maintain cultural space. Understanding family structure is another communication tool. The adult males are the head of household in traditional Muslim families, and they maintain the authority, guardianship, inheritance, possessions, and income within the family. The ideal family is an extended family consisting of a man, his wife (or wives), his parents, single and married sons and their wives and children, as well as his unmarried daughters. Younger members of the family defer to older members, and women defer to men. When a Muslim woman marries, she merely substitutes reliance on her father to reliance on her husband.
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