People usually discuss Hijab in the context of women. However, the Qur’an first mentions the Hijab (dress code) for the men before Hijab (dress code) for the women: “Enjoin the believing men t lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that is chaster for them. Surely, Allah is well aware of their actions.” Then the Hijab for women is mentioned in the next verse. “Likewise, enjoin the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their modesty; not to display their beauty and ornaments except what normally appears thereof; let them dare their veils over their bosoms and not display their adornment except to their husbands, fathers, fathers-in-law, their sons, stepsons, brothers nephews on either brothers or sisters side, their womenfolk, their own slaves, male attendants who lack sexual desires or small children who have no carnal knowledge of women. Also enjoin them not to strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden trinkets.
Some argue that the traditional Quranic and Shari’a view of women as the weak and the legally subordinate sex (for example lacking the same rationality as men) poses a serious impediment to women full emancipation and to their achievement of equality in both the private and public domain. Others say that Islam, the religion, is not the problem and that restriction placed on women are the result of patriarchal attitudes. Religious men and women view the Islam codes as offering appropriate protection for women and a basis for stable family life. But, there is no denying that textual and scriptural Islam has clear guidelines concerning the legal and social status and the appropriate behavior of women. Studies of socialism (Wikan 1982) patterns in the Middle East all emphasize early differentiation in the care and handling of boys and girls.
To give the proper care and build a genuine nurse-patient relationship conducive to good health Etiology * congenital weakening of the abdominal wall, * traumatic injury, * aging, * weakened abdominal muscles because of pregnancy, or * increased intra-abdominal pressure (due to heavy lifting, exertion, obesity, excessive coughing, or straining with defecation). Anatomy and physiology In
Despite Ann only being the brother's sister, she takes care of his financial needs, his work and to a certain degree his lifestyle as well. When the brother finds a girlfriend and starts a family of his own, Ann dismisses the spouse. The brother then dies shortly after millennium eve. In the lines 'Ann was slightly disappointed. Her sights for him had been set on accountancy or the law.'
For instance, when encountering a person, even a stranger, westerners shake hands and sometimes hugging is considered normal. On the other hand, Muslims have firm rules when it comes to physical contact, men and women cannot touch in public even they are married, and hand-shaking is also considered rude to a stranger. Eye contact is one of the most different form of non-verbal communication between cultures. It is expected in Western cultures, because it’s a basic essential to a social interaction when communicating with people. Also, if someone doesn’t eye contact while having a conversation it may be considered rude.
Cultural Competency and Healthcare Disparities Cultural competency has been defined as the ability to recognize and respond to health-related beliefs and cultural values in a manner that results in culturally-appropriate and effective treatment to address disease incidence (Wright, 2008). Additionally, it requires a deep respect for cultural differences and an interest in learning and accepting different perspectives and beliefs. As patient advocates, nurses must utilize a process, rather than focus on a result, that allows them to operate within the cultural context of the patient and their family (Ndiwane, 2004). (Cross, Barzon, Dennis, & Isaacs, 1989) defined five elements essential to any institution or agency’s cultural competency efforts. They propose that in order to successfully
Years of cultural conditioning can create barriers for a nurse wanting to achieve an unconscious level of cultural competency. Failure to examine oneself can lead to the continuation of health disparities due to biases such as racism, stereotyping, and generalizations (Dudas, 2012). Biases can occur when ethnocentrism is involved, a “universal tendency to believe one’s own worldview is superior to another’s” (as cited by Dudas, 2012). In order to create a culturally sensitive care plan, the nurse must respect, acknowledge and appreciate the patient’s culture. The culturally competent nurse avoids judgment and stereotyping, demonstrates sensitivity towards the cultures of others, and does not assume that the patient shares the same beliefs as their own.
The heritage assessment tool is very helpful in determining what is important to the patient and will assist in decreasing the health disparities of minorities. After performing an interview with my family which is American, a second family which is South Korean, and lastly, a family that is Indian, it is apparent that the three cultures have many different traditions related to maintenance, protection, and restoration of health, yet they are equally as important to those involved. The three cultures interviewed have different ways of staying healthy and different
Underlining this concept are the nursing ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, and nonmaleficence (Taxis, 2002, p.158). It is not difficult to understand how these principles may cause a dilemma for nurses who attempt to balance the risks and benefits of restraint use. A review of literature has shown that nurses want to protect their patients from harm but also maintain the patient’s rights and dignity (Janelli, 2006). With the inherent risk of violence that is common to all psychiatric settings it is important to understand the nurses perspective and reasoning in the use of restraints. In studies addressing the views of nurses on restraint use, important findings have been brought to light.
Her son William visits often, bringing her shopping, although he is finding this very difficult due to her repetitive conversations. This assignment will discuss the psychological, social and cultural needs of Betty and how these can be meet within health and social care practise. The Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) 2008) states that as a professional you must treat people as individuals, respecting their dignity, maintaining confidentiality and must not discriminate against them in any way. This includes working with other professionals to promote the health and wellbeing of those under your care and protecting the interests of patients. As stated by Rana & Upton (2009) nursing staff are obliged to act as an advocate in assisting patients to access relevant health and social care support, as well as voicing their needs and concerns, on their behalf.