In short, the Court was asked to determine whether the segregation of schools was at all constitutional. In this case discrimination was the main factor in which affected the rights of African American’s to have more freedom. The Supreme Court's opinion in the brown case of 1954 legally ended decades of racial segregation in America's public schools. Originally named
Even though they said people would get treated “equally”, it was all lies. The black people were getting inferior accommodations, services, and treatment. A class action suit was filed against the Board of Education of the city of Topeka, Kansas in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas in 1951. The plaintiffs consisted of thirteen parents of twenty children who attended the Topeka School District. They filed the suit hoping that the school district would change its policy of racial segregation.
The case of Brown v. Board of Education was a huge turning point for African Americans to becoming accepted into white society at the time. (Tashnet 62) Brown vs. Board of Education was not simply about children and education it was about being equal in a society that claims African Americans were treated equal, when in fact they were definitely not. This case was the starting point for many Americans to realize that separate but equal did not work. Brown v. Board of Education brought this out, this case was the reason that blacks and whites no longer have separate restrooms and water fountains, this was the case that truly destroyed the saying separate but equal, Brown vs. Board of education truly made everyone equal. The Supreme Court jointed five cases under the heading of Brown vs. Board of Education, because each sought after the same legal outcome.
When the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas heard their case, the NAACP argued that segregated schools gave the message to black children that they weren’t equal, and naturally inadequate. The board the segregated schools prepared them for their life under future segregation, and that segregation was not necessarily harmful to blacks, saying that they can succeed under those circumstances. After agreeing with Brown the segregated schools were damaging to blacks, but taking into account that no Supreme Court ruling had overturned the Plessy versus Ferguson case, they decided to rule in favor of the Board. Brown overrode the decision of the District of Kansas and went to the Supreme Court. They combined their cases with many others in various states.
Brown v. Board of Education American parents challenged the system of education in the United States which mandated separate schools for their children based solely on race. In Kansas alone there were eleven school integration cases dating from 1881 to 1949, prior to Brown in 1954. In many instances the schools for African American children were substandard facilities with out-of-date textbooks and often no basic school supplies. What was not in question was the dedication and qualifications of the African American teachers and principals assigned to these schools. In response to numerous unsuccessful attempts to ensure equal opportunities for all children, African American community leaders and organizations across the country stepped up efforts to change the educational system.
Brown vs Board of Education Langston University Brown Vs Board of Education Short Essay A standout amongst the most bygone court cases particularly as far as education was Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.s. 483 (1954). This case undertook separation inside the educational systems, and the division between Caucasian and African American individuals inside the school systems. Up until this case, numerous states had laws building separate schools for African Americans and Caucasians. This milestone case made those laws undemocratic. The choice was passed on May 17, 1954.
It provided that there could be separate public facilities, like schools and movie theaters as long as the facilities were near equal in equality. The problem was that the court did not define “equal” in the quality, and the facilities for the blacks became second class. The government was willing to make it seems as though blacks would have rights due to the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. The Supreme Court decision was a major setback for African Americans seeking equality in the United States. The ruling further paved the way for numerous state laws throughout the country making segregation which resulted in making discrimination legal in almost all parts of daily life.
Andrew Gonzalez 2/21/07 Holy Name School Essay Brown vs. Board of Education was a court case concerning the segregation of black and white students within the school system. In one of five cases, thirteen families sued the Topeka school board, claiming that to segregate children was harmful to the children and, therefore, a violation of the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment. In the end, these thirteen families got the children to get the same education as any other white kid would get. Unfortunately, they were treated unfairly but were brave enough to take this risk for their education. When I read this story I was concerned about the catholic parish and how they reacted to this situation.
Another case, known as the Bolling v. Sharpe case, was also combined when taken to Supreme Court. For a while nobody would step up and initiate a case in the District of Columbia. The role was finally taken by Barbershop owner, Gardner Bishop. On September 11th, 1950 Bishop led a group of African students to a white high school. He demanded enrollment of these kids and argued that the school was clearly big enough for 11 more students.
Thus gave birth to the civil rights movement. One main focus was integration as a whole, and more specifically, in schools. In the court case Brown v. The Board of Education, stated that segregation in schools were unconstitutional, and thereby reversed the Plessey v. Ferguson case which originally stated that blacks and whites could be separate, but equal. In contribution, the Swann v. Mecklenburg Board of Education case (Doc H) also helped schools integrate. It called for children to attend schools based off of where they live.