Using Material from Item B and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in offending and victimisation. According to official statistics there are significant ethnic differences in the likelihood of being involved in the criminal justice system. Black and Asians are overrepresented in the system. For example black people make up 2.8% of the population, but 11% of the prison population. Contrastingly whites are underrepresented.
Even though all of these strains have an influence on the racial differences in crime, I believe that the community contributes a lot to these differences. By observing at a community, one can derive that a community branches out to numerous types of strain. According to the text, African Americans show a disproportionate number of residents who occupy areas where there are higher rates of violence and economical disadvantages. These disadvantaged neighborhoods usually lack good public schools, job opportunities, and more often promote criminal behavior. With the lack of job opportunities in a poverty infused area, one might succumb to criminal
Ferguson & Baltimore, Segregation to Separation: Prophecy Coming To Pass It is unfortunate that, the violent racial riots in Ferguson and Baltimore, that occurred after the death of clearly innocent Black youth, has diverted the public debate to ‘need for better policing’. The casualty has been obfuscation more fundamental issues like; century-old public policy of systematic social segregation, increasing economic inequality, and wholesale abdication by the state of social welfare obligations Century-Old Systematic Segregation According to The University of Chicago’s sociologist, Douglas S. Massey, “Housing segregation is both a consequence and a cause of Black poverty. Housing markets distribute not only a place to live, but they
Racial Ideology, American Politics, and the Peculiar Role of the Social Sciences”; where he explains his research on the intersection of poverty, crime and race. Bobo contends the United States is faced with a sophisticated, elusive and enduring race problem. His use of two separate focus groups one being all white and the other being all black uncovered evidence to support just how complex the race problem in America is. Bobo contends the just saying that the race problem still endures is not to say that it remains fundamentally the same and essentially the same. Bobo asks how we can have milestone decisions like Brown V. Board, pass a civil rights act, a voting act, fair housing acts, and numerous acts of enforcement and amendments, including the pursuit of affirmative action policies and still continue to face a significant racial divide in America.
Racial Disparity in Sentencing George E. Long III University of Phoenix Online CJA 423 Joseph Mariconda, MSMS June 9, 2008 Racial Disparity in Sentencing Disparities in sentencing exist for minorities and sex’s from within the United States Justice Departments; are oftentimes correlated with a bias amongst races where minorities are discriminated against in favor of the majority race. Disparities in the sentencing of “White Collar” criminals are prevalent in the United States. This paper will summarize white collar sentencing disparities of blacks and Hispanics in comparison to the white majority, while examining regional biases and employment of the Northern and Southern United States effecting minority sentencing rates. Additionally, this paper will examine common misconceptions about minority sentencing disparities; the causes and issues which arise as a result and also point out some possible solutions to eliminate sentencing disparities. Disparities in Sentencing of White Collar Criminals Blacks and Hispanics generally receive longer criminal sentences than whites.
2. There are those who prefer to describe themselves as “Hispanic” rather than “Latino.” What does this have to do with racial privilege, and how does this lend insight into the dynamic between race and social hierarchy? 3. How does ethnic identity change according to location and time? Chapter 5: Gimenez 1.
I show more white people than statistically what the truth is in terms of street crime. If you look at the prisons it’s 60-something percent people of color, and 30-something percent of white people. If you look at COPS it’s 60 percent white and 40 percent colored, it’s just the reverse. And I do that intentionally, because I don’t want to contribute to negative stereotypes.” Langley admits to censoring black crime for political reasons not because he is racist. Research has shown that African Americans are over-represented in news reports on crime, and within those stories, they are more likely to be shown as the perpetrators of the crime than as the persons reacting to or suffering from it.
In this regard, the media contributes to discriminatory practices by portraying African Americans as a group that engages in criminal activity, drug use and welfare abuse. Blacks are not just highlighted in the news media negatively, but are also cast in television roles that support negative stereotypes. According to Schaefer (2008) nearly half of the minority characters on television appeared as criminals compared to only five percent of whites. Oddly enough these images are never seen as individual acts but associated with a whole group of people. These images are what shape our beliefs, determine what we consider is good or bad and who we associate with goodness or badness.
Minorities in America’s Prisons Renita Redding ENG 122 Instructor: Sharon Linne November 23, 2014 Since the 18th century imprisonment has been the method of punishing crime in America. Today there are about two million people incarcerated in federal and state prison institutions in the United States (Page, Whetstone, 2014). The most alarming statistic associated with America’s prison population is the disproportionate number of minorities that are represented. According to Page and Whetstone, “the United States’ unprecedented expansion of imprisonment since the late 1970’s has disproportionately affected African Americans, intensifying inequality and transferring the way some people look at race issues”. Even though, there is an array