Sports television has an adverse influence on black male youth, particularly those who come from low income households. The media glorifies professional athletes and gives these youngsters a false sense of upward mobility and success through sports while minimalizing academic performance and hard work. According to Jeffery Bierman in his award winning paper The Effect of Television Sports Media on Black Male Youth the media presents unrealistic aspirations of job opportunities for impressionable black youths and “creates a false sense of potential career success” (1) which motivates and encourages these young males to focus on athletics and not academics. Some of the reasons why sports television has a huge impact on black male youth are because blacks living in poverty tend to watch more television than their white counterparts and they also watch more shows or events that showcase black people. Blacks are more likely to watch sports because there is a large representation of them and they are shown in a positive, glamorous and respectful image.
Agreeing & Disagreeing with an Argument When it comes to discussions of how sports, over time, have changed many perspectives on how to live life, one controversial issue has been whether or not sports have taught us to maintain discipline rather than being something that someone must pick a side on. Some people believe that sports were created and implemented in schools to teach patience, honesty, and discipline amongst the male population. In contrast, others maintain that sports are heavily competitive and that it is not the matter of discipline and sportsmanship anymore, but it is the vital need to win the game. In “Why Sports Matter,” Wilfrid Sheed, contends that in the old days, sportsmen were paid by glory, and by giving them the motivation they need to perform better. According to Sheed, “Schools and colleges also teach something by their very natures, which is that you are now playing for a whole community and not just yourself” (498).” Essentially, what Sheed is saying is that sports have brought entire communities to share and experience one thing they love, and that this is truly honorable for the individuals playing the game.
According to Mercer, (1994) and Shohat and Stam, 1994) this may be due to the fact that apparently each positive stereotype has a negative result. Therefore, as black men and women have come to excel in various sports, people of a non ethnic backgroundhave needed an explanation for why what seemed to be an inferior race can outperform a superior one. This may be one of many factors which may have encouraged resentment for their success which in turn could have lead to abuse in a racist nature. Secondly, a disproportionately high level of athletic participation by diverse ethnic minority cultures has often been used by 'liberal minded' sports enthusiasts as an excuse to indicate that there is no racism in these arenas. These authors use these examples to try and illustrate that there is no form or racism in certain sports, however authors such as (Williams 1992, 1994; Turner 1990; Holland 1992a, 1992b, 1995) have
Describe the evolutionary approach to explain parental investment in humans; sex differences, parent-offspring conflict. Firstly females’ initial investment is far greater than that of males. This is because the eggs of a female are less numerous and more costly physiologically to produce then male sperm. Furthermore a female can only produce a limited number of offspring where as men can produce virtually an unlimited amount. Males and females both compete for different things; males want quantity so they can increase the size of their gene pool whereas females want quality in their males and them to provide good resources.
Most citizens in a community could care less if their school was struggling academically as long as their sports teams went undefeated or had a winning season. American societies have been raised to be competitive and that winning, especially in sports, is very important. They have come to accept that scholarly achievements take a back seat to achievements in the sports world. Using appeals to logos and pathos, as well as fact and value claims, Daniel Bowen and Collin Hitt offer opposing views from Amanda Ripley supporting either the positive or negative effects sports have on test scores and academic accomplishments. In Amanda Ripley’s article “The Case Against High School Sports,” she argues that sports are becoming an unnecessary distraction, causing American students to fall behind other countries in math (and all other subjects) in the classroom.
(Koons, 2009). As evidenced by these court cases, legalized and institutional discrimination against white men does exist. Our government has placed discriminatory regulations in effect which forces white men to go to court to battle against these regulations. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commissions’ policies operate in such a way that legalizes discrimination against white men. There is a term that negates opportunity most people do not hear about on a daily basis or perhaps not at all: “legal discrimination.” Throughout time, Affirmative Action has morphed into a program that deems it legal to hire women because they are women and minorities because they are a minority.
The inclusion of transgender or intersex individuals is one of the latest equality challenges for professional sporting events worldwide. How do these governing bodies categorize individuals that fall under this group? Gender verification became an issue when concerns were brought up when some individuals feared that some men were competing in events exclusively intended for women. The idea was that men are physically superior to women and this would be advantageous for the male athlete. The various international sporting entities had to address this issue and devised various sex verification tests that have evolved over time.
Coach Boone makes no concessions for his African American players. Everything is based off of how much power and ability each individual student has, regardless of their ethnic background. d) Not all relationships are good relationships, in the time Remember the Titans is set in, the color of a person’s skin dictated how much power they would have over someone of the opposite tone, certain groups who thought highly of themselves were not used to being lorded over by a person they believed to be their inferior. These groups are insubordinate and will not take orders from someone they see as being beneath them unless they are straightened out; Coach Boone does just that, he uses his authority over them to show them that they all have a common goal, this was a uniting factor in the
The way Dolphus Raymond lives is completely opposite to the values that the Maycomb people tend to follow. Because Dolphus Raymond was a respectable man by Maycomb principles and chose to live with black people over white people, this shows Scout that there must be some appeal to black people. A prosperous guy from a long line of well-off men supposedly endangered his marriage to have a fling with a black woman. After ruining his marriage he went on to live with black people. If African Americans were truly mediocre and a threat to a happy life, then why would Dolphus go off and live with them?
The dominant race in American society, the white Anglo-Saxons, created an image of white identity that influenced the minds of minorities. The American racial hierarchy valued the significance of being “white”. The whiter the person was, the higher the rank in the social ladder. For the population, being white meant better jobs, freedom, wealth, respect, and reputation, while being a “colored” person indicated that the person received no rights, no votes, lack of freedom, low-income jobs, or even become “branded like property” as a slave . Minorities in America pursued on finding the “whiteness” in order to be placed on a higher-class level since “whiteness became a sense of property” for them .