The minority members of the community are often totally left out or ignored in the provision of health care (Oppenheimer 1055). There is a significant level of inequality and favoritism in the health sector globally. Evidences indicate that ethnic and racial minorities in the community receive low quality health care as compared to the non-minority groups. This is evidenced by the statistics that indicate that the minority groups report the highest mortality and morbidity rates in the society, especially those that relate to chronic infections. A report on inequality in the provision of care by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) concluded that “racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare exist and, because they are associated with worse outcomes in many cases, are unacceptable” (Pasick 67).
P3 In this assignment I will be looking at different social groups. I will be explaining how the health of each of the social groups in each category may differ from the rest of the population. The categories I will be discussing are ethnicity, gender, locality, age and social class. Ethnicity: It is highly difficult to study the link between health and illness for ethnicity as it differs greatly across the various groups. According to the statistics presented there are different groups who have different needs.
Define “Health disparity” The study of differences in the quality health care across different populations. Health Disparities can be defined as unequal when some people of certain groups do not benefit from the same health status as other groups. Just like cancer, such differences occur when one group of people has a higher risk rate than another, or when one group has a lower chance to live rate than another. Health disparities can usually be identified along racial and ethnic lines, indicating that black people, Latino’s, Asians, and Native Americans have different disease and survival rates from other populations. Such disparities however can also extend beyond race to include areas such as access to healthcare, socio economic status, gender, and biological or behavioral factors.
Now that there is sufficient data to convince most people (including Congress and major purchasers of health benefits) that there is a quality problem in the US health care system, it will be hard to resist the widespread urge to use that same information to reform an obviously imperfect payment system. Used effectively, pay-for-performance could remove some of the well-known distortions that are generated by the underlying structure of current payment systems and help refocus delivery on critical aspects of population health. If it is to succeed in promoting patient health and value for the health care dollar, pay-for-performance will require careful design and effective safeguards against potential unintended consequences including those associated with patient selection incentives (and the associated fairness concerns) and “teaching to the test” to ensure that these positive objectives are not achieved at too great a cost (Rosenthal,
The United States is making huge changes in the health care industry. The health care reform can improve the health care industry and lower the cost of health care if policies are developed with health care experts. There are many countries that have mechanisms in place that have lower the health care and improved the quality of their health care system. The United States is a leader in many areas and should be able to figure out a health care system with the P4P
This is due to the fact that both healthcare system and healthcare access are below the nation’s standards. For example, the ease and speed of access to healthcare units is very low compared to other regions in the nation. According to the data employed in the study, there is need to ensure that transport and healthcare units are improved. In order to ensure that such improvements are a success, the community health profile came up with a plan. The plan is mainly aimed at improving transport, increasing the number of healthcare units and improving the rate of recruitment of medical professionals.
Disparities in health care is an unequal burden in illness and its rate of mortality experienced by minority group when compared with the dominant group (Baldwin, D. 2003). There are causes of health disparities which includes poor education, inadequate financial resources, and minority health behavior and environmental factors. The most common health disparities that have been reported are CVD, DM and Cancers. Research indicated that the minority rates of CVD are common in African American and breast cancer is high in Africa American women than in white population. HIV/AIDS is more than seven times higher in African American than White.
This negative behavior among minority patients especially African Americans develop as a result of poor cultural interaction between minority patients and their providers, misinterpretation of provider (like Nurses) instructions, lack of trust between patient and provider or lack of knowledge by patients on how to use health care services available. Among many patients in our facility, substance abuse patients poses many challenges to nurses that originate from the fact that substances abuse patients are viewed by nurses and doctors as morally corrupt individuals who engage in criminal activities and
African Americans are susceptible to a wide variety of illness such as Sickle Cell anemia, Keloids, Lactose enzyme deficiency, Tuberculosis, diabetes mellitus and higher infant mortality rates. Italian Americans have been noted as having a low hypertension rate, where as African Americans have a higher rate, probably due to the wide contrast in
Core 1 – Health priorities in Australia – ‘Groups experiencing health inequalities’ For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples: 1) Describe the nature and extent of the health inequalities experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Health inequity occurs when individuals or communities experience relatively high levels of a disease, or other health issue, due to circumstances which are quite often beyond their control. For example, some groups have shorter life expectancies, poor access to health services, higher levels of avoidable risk factors and/or reduced ability to make healthy lifestyle choices. Inequities refer to situations or actions that lack fairness or justice. Inequities refer to social or economic differences between people or groups.