Disorder Essay

1359 WordsOct 18, 20146 Pages
LEARNING DISABILITY: Learning disability (LD) is a general term that describes specific kinds of learning problems. A learning disability can cause a person to have trouble learning and using certain skills. The skills most often affected are reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning, and doing math. Learning disabilities vary from person to person. WHY DO EDUCATORS IN THE FIELD OF LEARNING DISABILITY DONOT AGREE ON THE USE OF DISCRIPANCY FORMULA? Interestingly, there is no clear and widely accepted definition of learning disabilities. Because of the multidisciplinary nature of the field, there is ongoing debate on the issue of definition, and currently at least twelve definitions appear in the professional literature. There are several technical definitions offered by various health and education sources. Overall, most experts agree on the following descriptions: * Individuals with LD have difficulties with academic achievement and progress. * Discrepancies exist between a person’s potential for learning and what that person actually learns. * Individuals with LD show an uneven pattern of development (language development, physical development, academic development, and/or perceptual development). * Learning problems are not due to environmental disadvantage. * Learning problems are not due to mental retardation or emotional disturbance. * Learning disabilities can affect one’s ability to read, write, speak, spell, compute math, and reason. They also can affect a person’s attention, memory, coordination, social skills, and emotional maturity. * Individuals with LD have normal intelligence, or are sometimes even intellectually gifted. * Individuals with LD have differing capabilities, with difficulties in certain academic areas but not in others. * Learning disabilities have an effect on either input (the brain’s

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