Discussion Questions Essay

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Week five discussion questions PSY/450 1/22/2013 University of Phoenix Week five discussion questions 1. What is advocacy? Do you believe that advocacy is optional? Why or why not? The Merrian-Webster dictionary defines advocacy as, “the act or process of advocating or supporting a cause or proposal” (Advocacy, 2010). Science is based on objectivity and impartiality (Health Article, 2002). By its very nature, advocacy is partial to person beliefs, opinions, and biases. The question arises that if a scientist discovers some fact that can affect people’s live, should they advocate the implementation of that fact. I think that the answer is no. A scientist must remain completely impartial. The second the pursuit of facts becomes the advocacy of the implementation of facts, we have lost objectivity. I say let the politicians, legislature, and judicial systems worry about the particular application of scientific fact and lead the elucidation of object fact to the scientists. It doesn’t work well when politicians advocate a particular scientific “fact”. They are untrained and lack impartiality, so they cannot be trusted to find facts. They seem to only find facts that support their ideas, beliefs, and constituencies. This is the nature of advocacy: that the end justifies the means. That only facts that support our beliefs should be emphasized and facts that do not support our beliefs should be conveniently forgotten. Science doesn’t take that path thought. Scientists seek facts even if they contradict our beliefs. Different people have put it different ways: “You will know the truth and the truth will set you free” (Jesus) and “Follow the evidence wherever it leads” (Socrates). 2. Do you believe that diversity is permanent or transitory? Explain your answer. I have never worked in a very ethnically diverse workplace....mainly because I

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