f) According to Mehler since the bilingual babies don’t know how to speak yet, no one can attribute the knowledge of two languages to them. However, the results of the study does not deny the possibility that monolingual babies have plenty of opportunities to exercise executive function. 3. Answer the following: a) How does the motivation factor differ in young learners and adults? Answer: Motivation factor I basically the driving force for persons to attain certain goals.
Behaviour therefore whether positive or negative becomes a means of expressing either displeasure or approval from the one displaying it as a means of communicating. Examples of behaviours may include; • Hitting/Lashing out • Aggression • Polite and warm nature • Withdrawn or self-seclusion • Frustration 1.2 Children go through various stages of development and the ability to express themselves and understand others give young people the foundation to control their emotions hence behaviour as they develop self-control. Speech, Language and Communicational Needs can therefore affect a young Person in various ways namely; 1. Inability to talk; speech impairment: - children will miss out on vital play time and interact with peer. In ability to ask for things from parents, resulting in snatching, clinging to things even when there are supposed to give them back 2.
a boy playing with a doll). Furthermore, social learning theory supports the nurture side of the nature nurture debate by stating that gender role is learnt through upbringing. Bandura found that children can tell the difference between male and female behaviours and they then use this to influence their own behaviour. For example, Bandura et al found that children do no model the behaviour of both of their parents (i.e. a boy may not cook dinner even though they observe their mother carrying out this behaviour).
EYMP 5 1.2 Explain how speech,language and communication skills support each of the following areas in childrens development:learning,emotional,behaviour,social Learning – Language is needed to understand concepts, participate in problem solving, and to develop ideas and opinions. Language enables a child to express their thoughts and feelings, and to think about abstract notions helping them to make sense of their world. •Emotional – Children need to be able to express themselves, if they have difficulty doing this it can have a damaging impact on their self esteem and identity. This can lead to a lack of confidence. Expressing their emotions and talking about them can help children to understand acceptable social behaviour.
The argument states that as children are brought up from being taught language at a very slow pace with poor teaching children are not able to have a good grasp on language, therefore Chomsky claims that their linguistic grammatical skills are not known from experience, but it is innate knowledge which gets triggered through experience. An illustration of this is ‘the sleepy cat is on the mat’ not ‘the sleepy cat look there on the mat’, this illustration shows that we as people and have been children knew that the second statement was wrong, therefore it not being learnt through experience, but triggered through our innate knowledge. An opposition to Chomsky’s claim about having innate knowledge and it being triggered can be found by John Locke. In Locke’s book 2 about ‘human understanding’ it is
Keith Ollivierre Prof. J Adler Psychology 100 Date: Friday, December 14 2014 Literature review project Topic : In beauty we trust: Children prefer information from more attractive informants. From : British journal of developmental psychology. This article is about whether or not information is perceived as correct to a child either coming from a attractive informant or a lesser attractive one. what i learned from the experiment is that children are vulnerable when obtaining information because they do not base there decisions about who to trust based on the the concept of information being right or wrong but rather on purely non-epistemic grounds. 1.
The strands are: • To learn about themselves - Self Concept Development • To learn about their feelings - Emotional Development • To learn about other people - Social Development • To learn to communicate - Language Development • To learn to move and do - Physical Development • To learn to think - Cognitive Development The quality of early experiences is shaped by the individuals with whom infants and toddlers spend their time and by the environments where they spend their time. As early childhood professionals, we know what children need in order to be successful in both school and in life. This document designed for program trainers, directors and parent educators to use as they work with caregivers and parents to insure quality care for infants and toddlers. Infants and toddlers are cared for in a variety of settings. These settings include the child’s own home, child care centers and family child care.
They also do not have the financial foundation to support their urge to spend money on the products advertised. Children are much more gullible than adults. Sharon Bedor wrote in a 1998 national conference article about her concerns about advertising to such a young age. “There are questions about the ability of children so young to understand advertising and its intent and not be deceived and manipulated by it. Experts say that children do not understand persuasive intent until they are eight or nine years old and that it is unethical to advertise to them before then.
I also don’t agree with him saying cochlear implants wont work well for young children and there better off for “healthy adults.” I believe that is would probably be easier for children to learn how to use this cochlear implant as a tool because at those young ages they soak up all information they can receive, rather then adults who are sometimes stuck in their ways. I don’t know this for a fact but this is what I believe can also be a circumstance. I do agree with him saying there are a lot of risks for children but those risks can also be just as big as a risk for adults. Like in Kathryn’s article she says you need to look at the big picture and what great potential the cochlear implant can have for children or adults. I also don’t agree with what they both say about the deaf
The young beginner These students lack motivation to learn the language but they tend to pick up the language easier than older students. The choice to learn the language is made by the parents rather than the student The beginner without the Roman alphabet Without an alphabet that includes the letter’s A through Z, this student will need help with initial literacy skills. A great deal of reading and writing practice is needed. Task 2 – How would you as a teacher adapt your approach to beginner students? If I was confronted with a class full of beginner students I would need to alter my approach to teaching.