The lines of evidence relating to the psychology of criminal behaviors research correspond closely to the paternal and family risk factors that a criminal has experienced during their development stages in life from childhood to adulthood. The most supporting evidence of the risk factors could be found in single parent household, parental styles, parental monitoring, and the influence of the siblings. There are many other reasons as to why a person becomes a criminal, however is hard to determine the real reason that sparingly transpire and individual to commit crimes. There are more studies needed to be conducted to determine the mental status of a criminal. Is rationale to assume that parental and family risk factors played a vital part in the life of a criminal, because they are a product of their surroundings.
This paper will also look at possible racial, gender, and other variations in the family structure-delinquency relationship. Social disorganization theories found that delinquents that commit crimes are results of social issues like their family make up, economic status, discipline, parental deviance, and also child abuse. The concept was designed as an explanation of crime, delinquency, and other social problems. Some consider family to as being the foundation of the human society. I can agree with this because how a person acts with juvenile or adult, it starts in the home.
Evaluate upbringing as an explanation of criminal behaviour. Upbringing can be defined as the background to an individual’s life where a study by Farrington can explain criminality where he focuses on youth’s backgrounds because we need to look into someone’s past experience whether offender/non-offender which might influence his/hers behaviour later on in life. Theories that use upbringing suggests that what happens during early childhood experiences which can greatly impact on a person’s susceptibility to turn to crime in the future. Farrington had come up with some other predicting factors of crime which include parental divorce and lack of supervision from parents. The study by Farrington et al.
This violence exposure can determine a child’s future. It can be the deciding factor between prison and living a long fulfilling life. Community violence is an epidemic that results in many of our youth taking the wrong path which leads to jail or the grave. Through guidance and mentorship we can save our youth and stop the violence. Children are more likely to be exposed to violence and crime than adults.
Rosemary Johnson CJA/374 Criminal Procedure Instructor Glenda Rohrbach April 13, 2013 According to the Juvenile Justice Bulletin, past research explains there are common reasons for juvenile delinquency behavior. These factors could include a birth trauma, child abuse and neglect, poor parenting skills, lack of age-appropriate discipline, mental health issues, unduly peer influences, bad housing conditions, dysfunctional family life, and living in a high-crime neighborhood. These research studies are hoping to improve juvenile delinquency violence and juvenile delinquency drug use. These studies demonstrate that family environment, poor school associations, bad peer pressures, and what
These theories are best illustrated through the application of notorious criminals and their deviant acts. When studied individually, the obvious “cause” of crime can be significantly different from the reason the offender had in mind when breaking the law, and the theories of crime causation begin to decipher these reasons. Crime causation involves several different factors; the influences on an individual during early childhood: experiences like poor parenting, the attempt (conscious and subconscious) to imitate an individual’s peer, the individual’s immersion in poverty, having poor opportunities, living in a community with high crime, the values and lifestyles of promenade members of the community which is admired by the individual, and lastly, an individual’s genetic and biological influences (Frank Schmalleger, 2009, p. 121). Of all the excessive crimes which occurred in the twentieth century, one of the most memorable crimes in the north eastern region of the United States is the case of Richard Kuklinski, as known as, the “Iceman”. According to Crime USA (2008) “Richard Kuklinski was one of the most self confessed contract killers in American History” (Richard “The Iceman” Kuklinski, para 1).
Does Child Maltreatment Lead to Crime? By: Charissa Zugg August 3, 2001(written on) Does Child Maltreatment Lead to Crime? Child maltreatment has been a growing concern for many years. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in 2007 approximately 794,000 children were determined to have been the victims of child abuse and/or neglect as well as an estimated 1,760 children younger than 18 died as the result of maltreatment (Hammond, 2011). Crime is one of the most socially costly potential outcomes for maltreatment.
An example of this theory would be if a child sees his parents or an authority figure he or she looks up to committing crimes or indulging in violence. That child most likely would view that type of behavior as acceptable. The social control theory states that people commit crimes when the processes which keep them in society are broken or weakened. Also within this theory, it is believed, the more socialized a person is as a child, and greater bonds they maintain with others, the less likely they will be to commit crimes (Siegel, 2000). Lastly, the social labeling theory view is when people are being labeled as criminals, they begin to take on that identity, and end up as criminals (Siegel, 2000).
For this reason, dysfunctional families are more likely to bring up a future juvenile delinquent. The rise in general and violent crime parallels the rise in dysfunctional families. Families are thought to be dysfunctional when misbehavior, conflict, and regular abuse from individual members occur on a constant basis, and are leading other family members to allow such actions to continue on. Children often grow up in these families with the understanding that such a layout is normal, for it is all they have known. Dysfunctional families are often a result of single parent adults, that may also be affected by addictions, such as substance abuse.
After School Program for Juvenile Drug Offenders: A Program Aimed At Reducing Recidivism Importance After school programs for at-risk youth have multiple advantages for the community and for the juveniles in question. According to Fox and Newman, nearly half of all juvenile crime occurs in the six hours of time between 2:00 pm and 8:00 pm (Fox & Newman 3). Juvenile crime encompasses a large variety of offenses, from robbery to weapons to drug dealing and possession. This program in particular will deal with the issues pertaining to juvenile drug offenders, and introduce a new initiative that will attempt to lower the recidivism rates among these juveniles. Between 66.7% and 67.5% of people under the age of 18 who commit a drug offense