The review board reviews research proposals and ensure that researchers protect participants adequately. Due to the debate and beliefs of some that Milgram's study was unethical and other similar research projects caused the Department of Health, Education and Welfare to establish regulations in 1974, for the protection of human subjects. First, to understand the reasoning behind the above action, we must look at the ethics of the Study of Obedience from two different view points. The author has given us two sides of the ethical debate from both Diana Baumrind and Stanley Milgram. To begin, we must understand the Hypothesis of Milgram's Study of Obedience.
CHAPTER 1 1.3 the Scientific Method-A Classic Tool 3. Specifically, what do we mean when we say that a scientific hypothesis must be testable? For a Hypothesis to be considered scientific it must be testable –it must, in principle, be capable of being proven wrong. 1.5. The Scientific Experiment 5.
There must be criteria to go by that can prove whether the study is true or false. So we can start by making an observation and then posting a question to prove that observation true or false. Then, the hypothesis is used to make a guess on the outcome we think that the experiment will have. The third, and final step will be to test our observation and hypothesis and create data to come up with a conclusion for our study. The reason for having a hypothesis-based scientific study is because we do not know the outcome of something.
Interviews and Interrogations Policy Paper Name SEC/360 Date Instructor In the security and law enforcement industry, interviews and interrogations are a way that officers can gathers facts and information about a situation, incident, or case. For security and law enforcement officers interviews and interrogations play a key role in building and solving cases. This paper will discuss the comparison and contrast between security interviews and security interrogations, the legal issues associated with security interviews and interrogations, and finally a security organization policy on conducting security interviews and interrogations. Interviewing and interrogating suspects are two important but separate vital aspects of collecting information about criminal activity. The difference between an interview and an interrogation is that security professionals conduct interviews, and law enforcement officers can conduct both.
Ethical Considerations for the Investigator and Prosecutor in Homicide and Rape The investigator and prosecutor play very critical roles, roles that are only fairly fulfilled if all parties are as ethical as possible. Failing to act ethically can lose a case, set a criminal free or could even mean someone innocent going to prison. While ethics in every single type of case are important we are going to examine homicide and rape. Both homicide and rape leave the public hungry for answers. We must be sure that finding those answers are done ethically from the crime scene to trial.
* Questions of Procedure: What should be done about it? 5. How do classical stases apply in analyzing scientific discourse? * evidential: what exists or doesn’t exist in the natural world? * Interpretive: facts are settled, but argue on what theory applies and so on * Evaluative: the significance * Methodological: procedures and techniques + what will be the outcome 6.
Key Words: Counseling, Role of Researcher, Contributions, and Practitioner Model Role of Researcher Research within the counseling profession plays a vital role in counseling based on science and the active role it plays in “developing the knowledge that the counseling profession is based” (Heppner, Kivligham, & Wampold, 2006, p. 16). However, in the following example the scientific method does involve many empirical tests that did establish such supportable results. In another situation if taken the same scientific method this would show a set of rules and assumptions about evaluating and collecting data that is important to more research where needed. However, according to Heppner, Kivligham, & Wampold (2006) “the philosophical foundations guide our understanding of the world, but also can affect how scientists conduct research” (Heppner et al., 2006, p. 23). These assumptions would allow counselors to have an increase of knowledge that would be relevant to guide us through our counseling professions.
1. Discuss the underlying reasons for the rapid growth of crime laboratories in the United States since the late 1960s. One major reason for the rapid growth of crime laboratories is due to internet technology. The United States is able to get information from other cities, counties, states, and countries with the push of a button. People who have committed crimes and who have been caught have had their personal information entered into a computer system.
2003. p. 114). The prosecutor’s main roles are to establishing that those guilty are prosecuted, and to determine which cases are weak and weed them out. Meyer & Grant (2003) state that, “ the tasks that prosecutors perform fall into three broad categories: planning and supervising the investigation phase of criminal and civil cases, case preparations, and responding to the issues related to appeals. The defense attorney’s role is to protect an individuals right when he or she has been accused of committing a crime, and to ensure that the individual is not prosecuted unjustly or falsely tried. A prosecutor presents evidence to prove that the defendant is guilty of the crime and the defense attorney tries to prove that the defendant is not guilty.
An example of replication is law enforcement replicating a crime to see how the crime was committed. Verification is confirming or validating something. A lie detector test verifies whether someone is telling the truth or not. Theory is in criminal justice represents an attempt to develop plausible explanations of reality, which in this case are crime and the criminal justice system. In addition to one of the most intriguing aspects is the Hypothesis of the Criminal Justice system when referring to a crime being committed.